Energy

Single market progress report

Single market progress report

The European Commission publishes an annual progress report on the internal energy market for electricity and gas, and the implementation of EU law.

2014 report

The report for 2014 found that energy market integration has already delivered many positive results. For example:

  • wholesale electricity prices declined by one-third and wholesale gas prices remained stable between 2008 and 2012
  • consumers have more choices when it comes to picking an energy supplier
  • many missing infrastructure links between EU countries have been built or are under construction
  • cross-border trade in gas and electricity between EU countries has increased. Gas pipelines are also being used more efficiently thanks to common rules on the use of gas networks
  • EU legislation makes sure that energy companies cannot exclude competitors from access to pipelines or withhold the construction of important infrastructure. EU rules also guarantee fair trading on wholesale markets and prevent price manipulation

At the same time, the report argued that further steps were needed to complete the internal energy market. In particular:

  • more investments in infrastructure including smart grids should be made. In gas, these investments should focus on ending the isolation of the Baltic States and diversifying suppliers for countries in Eastern Europe. In electricity, investments should focus on linking the grids of the Iberian Peninsula, the Baltic region, and Ireland and the United Kingdom. By 2020, three quarters of the EU's infrastructure projects of common interest should be completed
  • the implementation of the same set of simple, harmonised rules across Europe for electricity infrastructure
  • government intervention should only happen when secure energy flows cannot be guaranteed by the market
  • a stronger emphasis on regional cooperation to bring faster results and to better address local needs
  • consumers should become more active players in the energy market (i.e. through smart meters that allow them to monitor and adjust their energy consumption)
  • retail and wholesale markets should be better linked so that lower wholesale prices lead to lower consumer prices
     

Report on the progress towards completing the Internal Energy Market [COM(2014) 634]

Annex I: Trends and Developments in EU Energy Markets 2014
Annex II: Country profiles
Annex III: Unbundling - Report on the functioning of the ITO-model
Annex IV: Investments in the EU
Annex V: Investments: Implementation of EEPR, PCI and TEN-E
Annex VI: Enforcement

Country profiles

Country profiles provide an overview of the energy sector in individual EU countries. They include information on a country's energy mix, wholesale and retail markets, and infrastructure.

The latest profiles are from 2014.

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Netherlands

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom

Previous reports

2013

Delivering the internal electricity market and making the most of public intervention [COM(2013) 7243]

Guidance on the use of renewable energy cooperation mechanisms [SWD(2013) 440]

Notification forms and model agreements for cooperation mechanisms [SWD(2013) 441]

Incorporating demand side flexibility, in particular demand response, in electricity markets [SWD(2013) 442]

Generation adequacy in the internal electricity market - guidance on public interventions [SWD(2013) 448]

European Commission guidance for the design of renewables support schemes [SWD(2013) 439]

2012

Making the internal energy market work [COM(2012) 663]

Energy markets in the EU [SWD(2012) 368]

2011

2009-2010 Report on progress in creating the Internal Gas and Electricity Market

Technical Annex

2010

Report on progress in creating the internal gas and electricity market [COM(2010) 84]

Technical annex [SEC(2010) 251]

2009

Progress in creating the internal gas and electricity market [COM(2009) 115]

Technical annex [SEC(2009) 287]

2008

Progress in creating the internal gas and electricity market [COM(2008) 192]

Technical annex [SEC(2008) 460]

2006

Prospects for the internal gas and electricity market (COM(2006) 841)

In-depth country reviews

Report on the experience gained in the application of the Regulation (EC) No 1228/2003 "Regulation on Cross-Border Exchanges in Electricity" [COM(2007) 250]

2005

Report on progress in creating the internal gas and electricity market [COM(2005) 568]

Corrigendum to the 2005 report

Technical Annex [SEC(2005) 1448]

2004

Annual Report on the Implementation of the Gas and Electricity Internal Market [COM(2004) 863]

Technical annex [SEC(2004) 1720]

2003

Third Benchmarking Report on the Implementation of the Internal Electricity and Gas Market

2002

Second Benchmarking Report on the Implementation of the Internal Electricity and Gas Market

2001

First Benchmarking Report on the Implementation of the Internal Electricity and Gas Market

2000

State of implementation of the EU Gas Directive (98/30/EC) by Member States

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