Energy

Enforcement of laws

Enforcement of laws

Ensuring EU energy law is respected

Overview

The European Commission oversees that EU countries fully and correctly apply EU energy law. When a country fails to do so, the Commission may take legal action by launching an infringement procedure and eventually referring the case to the Court of Justice of the European Union for a ruling.

List of energy related EU legislation

Progress towards completing the internal energy market: enforcement [SWD(2014)315]

Latest Commission decisions on energy infringements

June 2017: Commission requests the Czech Republic and the Netherlands to fully comply with the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

June 2017: Offshore safety: Commission calls on the Netherlands to fully transpose the EU Directive on safety of offshore oil and gas operations

May 2017: Third Energy Package: Commission calls on Estonia to implement two key Directives

April 2017: Internal Energy Market: Commission requests Hungary to fully comply with the Third Energy Package

April 2017: Renewables: Commission requests Poland to fully comply with EU legislation on biofuels

February 2017: Energy Efficiency: Commission requests Spain to fully comply with the Buildings Directive

February 2017: Internal energy market: Commission urges Austria, Belgium, and Croatia to fully comply with the Third Energy Package

February 2017: Offshore oil and gas: Commission requests Grecce, the Netherlands, and Portugal to transpose the Offshore Safety Directive

February 2017: Commission requests Latvia to fully comply with Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

​​December 2016: Internal Energy Market: Commission urges Hungary to fully comply with the Third Energy Package

November 2016: Offshore safety: Commission requests Bulgaria, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom to fully transpose the EU Directive on safety of offshore oil and gas operations

November 2016: Energy efficiency: Commission urges Slovenia to notify its comprehensive assessment on high-efficiency cogeneration

November 2016: Oil stocks: Commission requests Romania to fully comply with the Oil Stocks Directive

September 2016: Internal Energy Market: Commission urges SPAIN to fully comply with the Third Energy Package

September 2016: Energy Efficiency: Commission requests ESTONIA and POLAND to fully transpose the EU Energy Efficiency Directive

May 2016: Commission refers Poland to Court of Justice of the EU because of restrictions to some imported biofuels and biofuel raw materials

April 2016: Offshore oil and gas: Commission requests Germany and Romania to transpose the Offshore Safety Directive

April 2016: Renewable energy: Commission urges Portugal to comply with the Renewable Energy Directive

April 2016: Nuclear energy: Commission requests Latvia to fully transpose the Radioactive Waste Directive

April 2016: Energy efficiency: Commission requests Denmark to fully transpose the EU Energy Efficiency Directive

April 2016: Internal energy market: Commission urges Germany to fully comply with the Third Energy Package

December 2015: Commission requests Portugal to comply with Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

November 2015: Commission requests France to fully transpose the Radioactive Waste Directive

November 2015: Commission requests France and the Netherlands to fully transpose the EU Energy Efficiency Directive

November 2015: Commission refers Greece to Court for failing to comply with obligations under the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

October 2015: Commission requests Finland to fully transpose the Oil Stocks Directive

October 2015: Commission requests eleven Member States to fully transpose the EU Energy Efficiency Directive

June 2015: Commission refers Greece to Court and gives Germany a final warning regarding the transposition of the Energy Efficiency Directive

June 2015: Commission refers Romania to Court for failing to adopt an emergency plan in case of gas supply disruption

June 2015: Commission requests Germany to fully transpose the EU Energy Efficiency Directive

June 2015: Commission requests Austria and the United Kingdom to comply with Energy Efficiency in Buildings Directive

June 2015: Commission requests Spain and the United Kingdom to fully transpose EU rules on oil stocks

April 2015: Poland asked to correctly apply the Renewable Energy Directive

April 2015: Energy efficiency in buildings: Commission asks Italy, the Netherlands and Poland to comply with EU rules

April 2015: Commission requests Austria, Croatia, Ireland, Latvia and Romania to fully transpose the EU Energy Efficiency Directive

March 2015: Energy efficiency: Commission refers Hungary to Court and proposes fines for failing to fully transpose EU energy efficiency rules

March 2015: Spain asked to correctly apply the Renewable Energy Directive

February 2015: Commission withdraws Court case against Poland for failing to transpose EU rules

February 2015: Commission requests Greece, Portugal and Slovenia to comply with EU rules on Energy Efficiency Directive

November 2014: Security of gas supply: Romania is asked to comply with EU rules

November 2014: Greece is requested to comply with its obligations under the EU legislation on energy efficiency in buildings

November 2014: Bulgaria and Hungary are requested to fully transpose the EU legislation on energy efficiency

September 2014: Belgium, Luxembourg, Latvia, The Netherlands and Slovenia are called upon to comply with EU rules on minimum oil stocks

September 2014: Commission asks Germany and Slovenia to enact EU rules on waste electrical and electronic equipment

July 2014: Commission refers Poland and Austria to Court and proposes fines for failing to fully transpose the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

April 2014: Commission refers Belgium and Finland to Court for failing to fully transpose EU rules on the energy efficiency of buildings

March 2014: Energy Services- the Commission asks Lithuania to ensure that heat and hot-water consumers are provided with individual meters

February 2014: Commission is referring Cyprus to the Court for failing to transpose the EU rules on minimum oil reserves

February 2014: Commission refers Ireland to Court for failing to transpose EU internal energy market rules

January 2014: Commission refers Ireland to Court for failing to transpose EU rules on renewables

January 2014: the Commission asks the Czech Republic to ensure that final energy consumers are provided with individual meters

Earlier energy infringement decisions

 

Competition and state aid

EU policies on fair competition cover energy policy in order to ensure the proper functioning of EU energy markets. The Commission's department for competition is responsible for enforcing competition rules on antitrust, cartels, mergers and state aid.

State aid is a key part of competition policy. The Commission's current state aid guidelines and rules on types of state aid compatible with the EU Treaty, are aimed at helping EU countries reach their 2020 and 2030 climate and energy targets without distorting the market.

Related links

Court of Justice of the European Union

Application of EU law (Secretariat-General)

Access to European Union law (EurLex)

Searching the repository of all European Commission infringement decisions

Enquiries and complaints about application of Union law

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