Energy

Energy Efficiency Directive

Energy Efficiency Directive

EU country plans showing how they intend to meet their energy efficiency targets.

EU countries' national building renovation strategies and measures for improving energy efficiency in public buildings.

Energy efficiency obligation schemes or alternative measures to reduce energy consumption by final consumers.

Overview

The 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive establishes a set of binding measures to help the EU reach its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. Under the Directive, all EU countries are required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain from its production to its final consumption.

EU countries were required to transpose the Directive's provisions into their national laws by 5 June 2014.

Specific measures and policies

New national measures have to ensure major energy savings for consumers and industry alike. For example:

  • energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures
  • EU countries can opt to achieve the same level of savings through other means such as improving the efficiency of heating systems, installing double glazed windows or insulating roofs
  • the public sector in EU countries should purchase energy efficient buildings, products and services
  • every year, EU governments will carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% of the buildings they own and occupy by floor area
  • empowering energy consumers to better manage consumption. This includes easy and free access to data on consumption through individual metering
  • national incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits
  • large companies will make audits of their energy consumption to help them identify ways to reduce it
  • monitoring efficiency levels in new energy generation capacities

Guidance notes

To help officials in EU countries implement the Energy Efficiency Directive, the European Commission publishes guidance notes.

Implementing the Energy Efficiency Directive – Commission Guidance [COM(2013) 762]

Article 5: Exemplary role of public bodies' buildings [SWD(2013) 445]
Article 6: Purchasing by public bodies [SWD(2013) 446]
Article 7: Energy efficiency obligation schemes [SWD(2013) 451]
Article 8: Energy audits and energy management systems [SWD(2013) 447]
Articles 9-11: Metering; billing information; cost of access to metering and billing information [SWD(2013) 448]
Article 14: Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling [SWD(2013) 449]
Article 15: Energy transformation, transmission and distribution [SWD(2013) 450]

All official EU languages are available

National energy efficiency targets

To reach the EU's 20% energy efficiency target by 2020, individual EU countries have set their own indicative national energy efficiency targets. Depending on country preferences, these targets can be based on primary or final energy consumption, primary or final energy savings, or energy intensity.

EU Member State

Indicative national energy efficiency target for 2020

Absolute level of energy consumption in 2020 [Mtoe]

Annual 2013 report and NRP

 
  Primary Final  
Austria
Final energy consumption of 1100 PJ 31.5 26.3 DE /EN
NRP
Belgium
18% reduction in primary energy consumption by 2020 relative to the Primes 2007 baseline (53.3 Mtoe) 43.7 32.5 EN
NRP
Bulgaria
Increase of energy efficiency by 25% until 2020 (5 Mtoe primary energy savings in 2020) and 50% energy intensity reduction by 2020 compared to 2005 levels 15.8 9.16

BG /EN

NRP

Croatia
Increase in energy efficiency resulting in final energy consumption reduction of 19,77 PJ in 2016 and 22,76 PJ in 2020 - 9.24

HR

NRP

Cyprus
0.463 Mtoe energy savings in 2020 (14.4% reduction in 2020 compared to a reference scenario) 2.8 2.2

EL/EN

NRP

Annex

Czech Republic
47,84 PJ (13,29 TWh) savings of final energy consumption* 39.6 25.315

CZ

NRP

Denmark
Primary energy consumption of 744.4 PJ (17.781 Mtoe) in 2020 17.8 14.8

DK /EN

NRP

Estonia
Stabilisation of final energy consumption in 2020 at the level of 2010 6.5 2.8

ET /EN

NRP

Finland
310 TWh of final energy consumption in 2020 35.9 26.7

FI /EN

NRP

France
17.4% reduction of final energy consumption in 2020 compared to a baseline 236.3 131.4

FR /EN

NRP

Germany
Annual improvement of energy intensity (energy productivity) by 2.1% pa on average until 2020 276.6 194.3

DE /EN

NRP

Annex

Greece
Final energy consumption level of 20.5 Mtoe 27.1 20.5

EN

NRP

Hungary
1113 PJ primary energy consumption in 2020 (236 PJ savings compared to business-as-usual), resulting in 760 PJ final energy consumption 26.6 18.2

HU

NRP

Ireland
20% energy savings in 2020 along with a public sector energy saving target of 33% 13.9 11.7

EN

NRP

Italy
20 Mtoe primary energy reduction by 2020, 15 Mtoe final energy reduction by 2020 158.0 126.0

IT /EN

NRP

Lithuania
17% reduction in final energy use compared to 2009 level (reduction of 740 ktoe) 6.485 4.239

EN

NRP

Annex

Luxembourg

Primary energy savings in 2020 of 0.670 Mtoe (28 PJ)

5.37 4.47

DE /EN

NRP

Latvia

Preliminary target value for 2020 of 49,292 GWh or 4,239.2 ktoe final energy

4.482 4.239

LV /EN

NRP

Malta
22% energy or 237.019 toe savings target by 2020 0.825 0.493

EN

NRP

Netherlands
1.5% energy savings per year (partial) 60.7 52.2

EN

NRP

Annex

Poland
13.6 Mtoe primary energy savings in 2020 96.4 70.4

PL /EN

NRP

Portugal
Reduction of primary energy use in 2020 by 25% compared to projections 22.5 17.4

PT   | EN

en pdf

NRP

Romania
Reduction of 10 Mtoe (19%) in the primary energy consumption 42.99 30.32

RO /EN

NRP

Slovakia
3.12 Mtoe of final energy savings for the period 2014-2020 16.2 10.4 NRP
Slovenia
10.809 GWh energy savings by 2020 7.313 5.088

SL /EN

NRP

Spain
20% energy savings to be achieved by 2020 121.6 82.9

ES

NRP

Sweden
Energy use shall be 20% more efficient by 2020 compared with 2008 and a 20% reduction in energy intensity between 2008 and 2020 43.4 30.3

EN

NRP

Annex

United Kingdom
Final energy consumption in 2020 of 129.2 Mtoe on a net calorific value basis 177.6 157.8

EN

NRP

NRP: National Reform Programme *preliminary data

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