Energy performance certificates provide information for consumers on buildings they plan to purchase or rent. They include an energy performance rating and recommendations for cost-effective improvements.
Certificates must be included in all advertisements in commercial media when a building is put up for sale or rent. They must also be shown to prospective tenants or buyers when a building is being constructed, sold, or rented. After a deal has been concluded, they are handed over to the buyer or new tenant.
EU countries must also put in place schemes for the inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems, or take measures that have an equivalent impact on energy savings.
Under the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, all EU countries have established independent control systems for energy performance certificates and inspection reports for heating and cooling systems.
Impact of energy performance certificates
The European Commission commissioned a study on the impact of energy performance certificates. Based on an analysis of residential markets in Europe, the study found that higher energy savings resulted in substantially higher sale or rental prices on average.
EU countries have produced reports on the independent control systems they use for energy performance certificates and on the regular inspection of heating and air-conditioning systems.
Some EU countries have opted to take alternative measures to regular inspection regimes of heating and air-conditioning systems.