Energy

Buildings

Buildings

The EU has set a target for all new buildings to be nearly zero-energy by 2020.

Energy performance certificates provide information on the energy efficiency of buildings and recommended improvements.

Financial support mechanisms in EU countries can help pay for energy efficient renovations


Buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU. While new buildings generally need less than three to five litres of heating oil per square meter per year, older buildings consume about 25 litres on average. Some buildings even require up to 60 litres.

Currently, about 35% of the EU's buildings are over 50 years old. By improving the energy efficiency of buildings, we could reduce total EU energy consumption by 5% to 6% and lower CO2 emissions by about 5%.

Key laws

The 2010 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive are the EU's main legislation when it comes to reducing the energy consumption of buildings.

Under the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive:

  • energy performance certificates are to be included in all advertisements for the sale or rental of buildings
  • EU countries must establish inspection schemes for heating and air conditioning systems or put in place measures with equivalent effect
  • all new buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings by 31 December 2020 (public buildings by 31 December 2018)
  • EU countries must set minimum energy performance requirements for new buildings, for the major renovation of buildings and for the replacement or retrofit of building elements (heating and cooling systems, roofs, walls, etc.)
  • EU countries have to draw up lists of national financial measures to improve the energy efficiency of buildings

Under the Energy Efficiency Directive:

  • EU countries make energy efficient renovations to at least 3% of buildings owned and occupied by central government
  • EU governments should only purchase buildings which are highly energy efficient

Buildings under the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)

National reports on energy performance requirements

EU countries have calculated the cost-optimal minimum energy performance requirements for new as well as renovated buildings in their territory.

Austria
Belgium (Brussels | Flanders | Wallonia)
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Spain
Estonia | Annexes
Finland
France
Germany
Hungary | Addendum
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Slovakia part1 | part2
The Netherlands
United Kingdom

Overview of national cost-optimal calculations

Practical support initiatives

To help EU countries properly implement the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and to achieve energy efficiency targets, the European Commission has established practical support initiatives:

Concerted Action EPBD

Concerted Action EPBD is a forum launched by the Commission to promote dialogue and the exchange of best practices between countries when it comes to reducing energy consumption in buildlings.

http://www.epbd-ca.eu/

BUILD UP Skills

The BUILD UP Skills initiative helps train craftsmen, on-site construction workers and systems installers in the building sector. Its aim is to increase the number of qualified workers across Europe able to undertake energy efficient building renovations and help construct nearly zero energy buildings.
http://www.buildupskills.eu/

BUILD UP Portal

The BUILD UP Portal brings together European experts on energy reduction in buildings. The aim is to share information and best practices.

http://www.buildup.eu/

Energy efficiency standards

These include standards on the calculation of delivered energy, energy needs, energy costs and inspections.

CEN - European Committee for Standardisation

2010 European Commission mandate to CEN M/480)

Share this page