The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.
Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request by electronic form.
Under Article 8 of the Energy Efficiency Directive, Member States must promote the availability to all final customers of high quality energy audits. This report, presents a library of typical cost of energy audits and energy audit recommendations, costs and savings. These represent the most significant energy efficiency opportunities.
Under Article 8 of the Energy Efficiency Directive, Member States must promote the availability to all final customers of high quality energy audits. This report describes how Member States put in place accreditation schemes for energy auditors. Best practices are also presented, as well as opportunities for harmonisation of qualification requirements across borders.
This study presents the updated results of a comprehensive accounting of the impacts of ecodesign and energy labelling measures on energy consumption, socio-economic impacts (jobs), industrial competitiveness (revenues) and technology development, over the period 1990-2050.
This report calculates the material consumption for the production of the 2010 sales and the installed stock of all products covered by existing ecodesign and energy labelling measures. The material inputs are a compilation of data generated in 40 Ecodesign preparatory studies that were undertaken during the period 2006-2016.
Detailed guidelines on good practice in cost-effective cost allocation and billing of individual consumption of heating, cooling and domestic hot water in multi-apartment and multi-purpose buildings have been developed. They take account of stakeholder suggestions. Comments and suggestions for specific changes are welcome if duly justified and can be sent to empirica (email@example.com). The guidelines may be adapted following comments and feedback from workshops planned for later in 2016.
Article 8 of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) addresses energy audits and energy management systems in the European Member States. This document is intended to provide practical guidance to Member States authorities responsible for the transposition and implementation of Article 8 and Annex VI requirements of the EED, including the establishment of transparent and non-discriminatory national minimum criteria for energy audits.
Article 8 of the Energy Efficiency Directive addresses energy audits and energy management systems in the European Member States. This study provides an overview of the national implementation of Article 8 across the EU-28, covering the situation for both large enterprises and SMEs.
As set out in the technical specifications, the objectives of the project are to ‘collect and to analyse primarily legal information, as well as technical, environmental and economic data linked to carbon dioxide infrastructure, to develop necessary criteria and process for carbon dioxide (CO2) cross-border infrastructure projects at the EU-level’.
This document presents the results of a study in support of the review of the tyre labelling Regulation (EC) N° 1222/2009 that has assessed the effectiveness of this Regulation in terms of achieving market transformation and other relevant aspects, including the issues that should be assessed according to mandatory requirements in Article 14 of the Regulation, and the possibility of adaption of the grip grading of tyres, primarily regarding tyres designed to perform better in ice and/or snow.