Energy

Studies

Studies

The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request by electronic form.

The macro-level and sectoral impacts of energy efficiency policies

Energy Efficiency
07/2017

Following-up the IEA’s authoritative work ‘Capturing the multiple benefits of energy efficiency’, this study is a first attempt to apply this framework to make a comprehensive quantitative assessment of such multiple benefits and their trade-offs. It shows that enhanced energy efficiency in Europe beyond a 27% target for 2030 could led to substantial social, economic and environmental effects.

Study

Report on the first results of H2020 projects on energy efficiency and system integration

Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
05/2017

The study analyses the initial results from Horizon 2020 projects in four areas: Energy Efficiency, Low Carbon Energy (grids and storage), Low Carbon Energy Renewable Energy System Market Uptake and Smart Cities and Communities.
It comes in support to the Interim Evaluation of H2020 and the midterm review of the Multiannual Financial Framework.

Report

Mapping of the current EU clean energy finance landscape

Energy strategy, Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
04/2017

The main goal of this report is to map and explain the sources of finance and corresponding clean energy investment opportunities that are interacting in the EU's clean energy finance landscape. Suggestions on how to usefully incorporate such findings in existing macro-economic models are then provided.

Report

Case study – Energy Resilience and Vulnerability in the EU and Other Global Regions

Energy strategy, Renewable energy, Energy Efficiency
04/2017

This case study examines the resilience of the EU economy to energy supply shocks and provides comparisons with six other global regions. Trends in the EU and other global regions are reviewed for key indicators that measure aspects of resilience to energy supply shocks. The case study then proceeds to present the results of new econometric analysis of the degree of substitutability between energy and other production factors across EU sectors.

Report

The Macroeconomic and Other Benefits of Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency
02/2017

This report sets out the impacts of improvements in energy efficiency in buildings that could come about through the revision of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD). It covers potential costs as well as benefits but shows that, for the EU as a whole and for most of its Member States, the benefits largely outweigh the costs. These benefits cover all three of the economic, social and environmental spheres.

Report

Specific guidance for sub-metering of thermal energy in multi-unit buildings (implementation of Articles 9-11 of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (updated version))

Energy Efficiency
01/2017

Following the first publication in June 2016, the detailed guidance on good practice in cost-effective cost allocation and billing of individual consumption of heating, cooling and domestic hot water in multi-apartment and multi-purpose buildings has been revised to take account of further stakeholder comments and suggestions received at a number of workshops held in the second half of 2016.

Guidance

Evaluation of the Project Development Assistance implemented under the Intelligent Energy Europe

Energy Efficiency
01/2017

The study analyses the outputs, results and outcomes of Project Development Activities co-funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe Programme (IEE II) that aim to mobilise investments in sustainable energy at a local level. The analysis was performed via a deep data collection carried out in collaboration with the Managing Entities and 54 project beneficiaries across the EU.

Report | Executive summary

Study on low cost energy efficiency measures for low income households

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

This study identifies good practices in the delivery of low-cost energy efficiency measures, to low-income households in particular, and investigates how it may be possible to replicate them on a larger scale. In addition, the study considers the role that EU funds can have in financing schemes providing low-cost measures to low-income households and it provides some recommendations for the replication, design and delivery of such schemes.

Report | Brochure

Ecodesign impact accounting

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

This study presents the updated results of a comprehensive accounting of the impacts of ecodesign and energy labelling measures on energy consumption, socio-economic impacts (jobs), industrial competitiveness (revenues) and technology development, over the period 1990-2050.

Status Report

Annex  – Material inputs for production

Annex – Overview report

Annex– EcoReport for the average EIA product

Review of the default primary energy factor (PEF) reflecting the estimated average EU generation efficiency referred to in Annex IV of Directive 2012/27/EU and possible extension of the approach to other energy carriers

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

This study has been a relevant input to the review of the primary energy factor (PEF) for electricity, in the context of the Energy Efficiency Directive 27/2012/EU. The authors focus on four calculation methods following exchange with the European Commission's services, Member States representatives and European associations.

Report

Pages