The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.
Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request by electronic form.
The study describes and assesses different options for cross-border participation in capacity mechanisms, in particular with regards to the quantification of costs and benefits of each of the options. This study provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a new market design which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
The study analyses the current situation with regard to demand response in Europe, projects how demand response is likely to develop under current conditions and assesses alternative policy options in response to identified market barriers. This study provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a new market design which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of different policy options in the fields of distribution systems, distribution network tariffs and data handling, in the context the overall Impact Assessment of the Market Design Initiative.
The Commission has been reviewing the regulatory framework of the EU's electricity markets, in its Market Design Initiative. This review led to the adoption of a set of new legislative measures as part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
This study aimed to provide input into the Impact Assessment supporting the new legislative proposals for a new market design. It focussed on providing insight and data for the modelled scenarios and on providing advice on the modelling approach used in the Commission's in-house modelling tools, namely PRIMES and METIS.
This report sets out an assessment of the costs and benefits associated with options to integrate national electricity balancing markets across the EU. The integration of electricity balancing markets is essential to the creation of a well-functioning Internal Electricity Market, and therefore an important step towards realising a common market for electricity. By presenting analysis on the nature and scale of the costs and benefits realised under alternative options for integration, this report will help inform EU policy on market integration to the ultimate benefits of its citizens.
Security of electricity supply is a concern for both EU countries and the EU. This study discusses the properties of different indicators used to describe the power system's ability to meet demand and makes recommendations on how such indicators could be harmonised across EU countries.
This study assesses effects and impacts of collective purchasing and other arrangements to improve outcomes for buyers in EU wholesale natural gas markets.
Depending on the design and characteristics, gas storage increases the sources of supply in times of high demand (e.g. due to seasonal variation) and contributes to the functioning of the gas market by providing short term flexibility. The study provides an in-depth analysis targeting the potential of gas storage for supporting the security of gas supplies.