The energy demand of households accounts for 25% of the final energy needs in the EU. Higher standards of living and comfort, multiple purchases of electric appliances and the growing need for air-conditioning are the main reasons for this trend. Energy consumption by consumer electronics and Internet is also steadily growing.
Energy-using and energy-related products are also used in other areas, such as industry or the tertiary sector, where economic growth brings about an increase in energy use.
The response is to act in two complementary ways on products: Energy Labelling and Minimum Efficiency Requirements (through Ecodesign).