Navigation path

News feeds

Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency Directive

The new Directive entered into force on 4 December 2012. Most of its provisions will have to be implemented by the Member States by 5 June 2014.

 An effective common framework

This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20 % headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date.

All EU-28 countries are thus required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain – from the transformation of energy and its distribution to its final consumption. The new Directive will help remove barriers and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020.

New measures include:

  • The legal definition and quantification of the EU energy efficiency target as the ''Union's 2020 energy consumption of no more than 1 474 Mtoe primary energy or no more than 1 078 Mtoe of final energy''. With the accession of Croatia the target was revised to "1 483 Mtoe primary energy or no more than 1 086 Mtoe of final energy''.
  • The obligation on each Member State to set an indicative national energy efficiency target in the form they prefer (e.g. primary/final savings, intensity, consumption) and, by 30 April 2013, to notify it together with its 'translation' in terms of an absolute level of primary energy consumption and final energy consumption in 2020.
  • The obligation on Member States to achieve certain amount of final energy savings over the obligation period (01 January 2014 – 31 December 2020) by using energy efficiency obligations schemes or other targeted policy measures to drive energy efficiency improvements in households, industries and transport sectors;
  • Major energy savings for consumers: easy and free-of-charge access to data on real-time and historical energy consumption through more accurate individual metering will now empower consumers to better manage their energy consumption.
  • The obligation for large enterprises to carry out an energy audit at least every four years, with a first energy audit at the latest by 5 December 2015. Incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits to help them identify the potential for reduced energy consumption.
  • Public sector to lead by example by renovating 3% of buildings owned and occupied by the central governments starting from 01 January 2014 and by including energy efficiency considerations in public procurement – insofar as certain conditions are met (e.g. cost-effectiveness, economic feasibility) – so as to purchase energy efficient buildings, products and services.
  • Efficiency in energy generation: monitoring of efficiency levels of new energy generation capacities, national assessments for co-generation and district heating potential and measures for its uptake to be developed by 31 December 2015, including recovery of waste heat, demand side resources to be encouraged.
  • Commission Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency

Reporting targets

All Member States have notified the Commission of their national indicative energy efficiency targets pursuant to Article 3 of the EED in time. All Member States complied with this requirement and the information notified can be found here:

Article 7 notifications

Member States had to notify by 5 December 2013 their plans, proposed measures and detailed methodologies for the implementation of Article 7 and Annex V of the Energy Efficiency Directive.

The information notified can be found here:

National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs)

By 30 April 2014 and every three years thereafter Member States will have to submit their National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs) to the Commission.

As required by Article 24(2) and Annex XIV of the EED, on 22 May 2013 the Commission adopted the template for the NEEAPs [2013/242/EU].  The template is complemented by a Staff Working Document (SWD) as Guidance [SWD(2013) 180 final].

  • the Template pdf - 736 KB [736 KB]   for the NEEAP specifies the information that Member States are required to provide in their NEEAPs on measures adopted or planned to be adopted to implement the main elements of the directive, although the actual format of the reporting remains non-binding.
  • the Guidance pdf provides additional advice on those elements which must be included in the NEEAPs as well as on other reporting obligations required by the directive (e.g. the annual reports) and recommends adding complementary information to make the NEEAPs more comprehensive.

Guidance notes

In order to support Member States in their transposition and implementation efforts, the Commission adopted on 6 November 2013 a Communication and seven guidance notes covering nine articles of the Energy Efficiency Directive (Articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 9–11, 14 and 15).

 The Communication and the guidance notes aim to explain in more detail how the Directive should be read and can be best applied, in the Commission services' view. They do not alter the legal effects of the Directive and are without prejudice to the binding interpretation of the Directive as provided by the Court of Justice.

Adaptation of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU: Directive 2013/12/EU

On 13 May 2013, Council Directive 2013/12/EU was adopted to adapt Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency to the accession of Croatia in 2013. It was, in fact, necessary to reflect Croatia’s energy consumption in the projected primary and final energy consumption for the Union in 2020. The projections show a primary energy consumption of 1853 Mtoe and a final energy consumption of 1357 Mtoe for the 28 Member States in 2020. Further to the accession of Croatia, therefore, Article 3(1)(a) of Directive 2012/27/EU has been modified so that the Union’s 2020 energy consumption has now to be no more than 1483 Mtoe of primary energy and no more than 1086 Mtoe of final energy.

Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU

On 25 October 2012, the EU adopted the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency. This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20 % headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date. It lays down rules designed to remove barriers in the energy market and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy, and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020.

 

On 4 October 2012, the Council endorsed the political agreement on the Energy Efficiency Directive. The European Parliament had casted his favorable vote on such agreement on 11 September 2012.

The Directive brings forward legally binding measures to step up Member States’ efforts to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain – from the transformation of energy and its distribution to its final consumption. Measures include the legal obligation to establish energy efficiency obligations schemes or policy measures in all Member States. These will drive energy efficiency improvements in households, industries and transport sectors. Other measures include an exemplary role to be played by the public sector and a right for consumers to know how much energy they consume.

On 22 June 2011, the EC proposed a new Directive to step up Member States efforts to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain – from the transformation of energy and its distribution to its final consumption. The EC proposed simple but ambitious measures: legal obligation to establish energy saving schemes in all Member States, public sector to lead by example and major energy savings for consumers.

On 19-20 April 2012, a non-paper on the Energy Efficiency Directive was presented at the Informal Energy Council. It aims at supporting the discussions on the proposal for a new Energy Efficiency Directive by providing information on its estimated costs and benefits.

Top