On 18 April 2013, the Commission published a report on financial support for energy efficiency in buildings stressing that the EU needs to improve the financial support in this sector if it wants to meet its 2020 and 2050 targets. The Report is accompanied by a more detailed Staff Working Document and will be the basis for a discussion at the Informal Energy Council on 22 April.
On 8 May 2012, the European Commission (EC) organised a stakeholder conference on financial support for energy efficiency with a focus on buildings. The aim of the conference was to discuss the role of the regulatory framework, EU financing instruments and Member States to stimulate financial support for energy efficiency.
On 16 January 2012, the EU adopted the Delegated Regulation (EU) No 244/2012 supplementing Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings.
Article 5 of the Directive 2010/31/EU required the EC)to establish a comparative methodology framework for calculating cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements for buildings and building elements. To obtain the input from experts into the development of this methodology framework, the EC organised two expert meetings.
On 19 May 2010, the EU adopted the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU (EPBD) which is the main legislative instrument to reduce the energy consumption of buildings.
Under this Directive, Member States must establish and apply minimum energy performance requirements for new and existing buildings, ensure the certification of building energy performance and require the regular inspection of boilers and air conditioning systems in buildings. Moreover, the Directive requires Member States to ensure that by 2021 all new buildings are so-called 'nearly zero-energy buildings'.
Revision of Directive 2002/91/EC
The Directive 2010/31/EU was adopted after experiencing the implementation of the first EPBD Directive 2002/91/EC in the Member States and following a proposal from the Commission in 2008 which was based on a detailed impact assessment. The aim of this revision was to clarify and simplify certain provisions, extend the scope, make some more effective, and provide for the leading role of the public sector.