Research on coal is mainly financed by the EU's Research Framework Programme (FP7). The focus of the actions currently funded is on developing highly efficient, cost-effective technologies to build a more sustainable energy economy for Europe and the rest of the world.
Among the priorities of the FP7 are Clean Coal Technologies (CCT) and Carbone Capture and Storage (CCS). They address power generation and clean coal utilisation for reducing the carbon footprint of energy-intensive industries.
Alongside FP7, there is also a complementary research programme under the Research Fund for Coal and Steel (RFCS). It funds research and demonstration projects, accompanying measures, and support and preparatory actions related to coal and steel, for example on coal mining or coal utilisation and conversion. Any research institute or researcher established in an EU country can participate in the programme. The RFCS programme was created when the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002.
Proposals can be submitted at any time, with a cut-off date of 15 September each year. There is no ceiling for a project’s budget or for the number of participating partners in each project. Third countries may participate, but cannot receive any EU financial support. Scientific follow-up is carried out through a peer review system.