IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE
 

 RESEAU DIANE ascii version

Belgium (fr & de)

 
DP Managing organisation : UNION DES CLASSES MOYENNES
Other national partners : CROSSROADS
Centre d 'idees et de developpement
IFAPME
UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE
EQUAL theme :Entrepreneurship - Business creation 
Type of DP :Sectoral - Specific discrimination and inequality problems 
DP Legal status :Association without legal form 
DP identification :BEfr-56 
Application phase :Approved for action 2 
Selection date :01-01-2005 
Last update :12-10-2005 
Monitoring:  

Rationale

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From the studies performed in the Diane project we retain two main statements :
1. There are still few female entrepreneurs in Belgium
2. Firms owned by female entrepreneurs are small and remain small

1. Few female entrepreneurs
Even since the participation of women on the labour market doubled in the last 40 years, we observe that they mostly choose the security of an employee situation (42%) and that only a minority dare to take the risk of becoming an entrepreneur (29%). If we look at the entrepreneurial world in special, we also have to conclude that women only count for 30% of the entrepreneurs. All this influence the Gem figures for Belgium (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) and places our country at the end of the row. Reasons for this situation can be explained by the results of the Diane study and from contacts with women, as follows :

1.1. Lack of a positive image of female entrepreneurs
When the media talk about entrepreneurship they mostly show us men. Women do not recognise themselves in these pictures and find it difficult to identify themselves with these images. Il we want women to be attracted we must give them a more nuanced picture and the media will have to quit their stereotype images and show positive female role models.

1.2. Limited attractiveness of the social regulations for independents

Women do have a bigger risk aversion than man. Nevertheless entrepreneurs in Belgium do have to take a lot of risks, because the social system for independents doesn’t give a lot of protection and support to entrepreneurs.

Where employees can make use of solutions like time-credit, carrier breaks or substantial maternity leave, independent women have no possibility to take advantage of these solutions.

2. Firms owned by female entrepreneurs are small and remain small
Studies carried out during the Diane project have learned us the following :

2.1. Women do underestimate the importance of networking and do not receive the social acceptance/recognition they deserve.
Female entrepreneurs still do not consider networking activities as an essential part of their task as entrepreneurs. Even if they start enjoying the female networking activities, where they find support and understanding with oneanother this is only a first step and they should move on and get integrated in bigger mixed networks, because in these ones circulates a lot of information and knowledge that is important for successful entrepreneurship.
Female entrepreneurs don’t feel at ease in these networks, because they still see them as male dominated worlds. Being a member of these important business networks would provide recognition to female entrepreneurs for their role in society.

2.2. Female entrepreneurs underestimate the value of education.
Even if women usually do start with a fine education, only few do estimate further education or specific entrepreneurscourses as necessary. Lack of time, too theoretical courses, rigid programmes, the long term or sometimes difficult hours, on which the courses are organised, would stop women from looking for further education. Appropriate courses could nevertheless help women to open their vision on the world and help them to become better entrepreneurs.

2.3. Female entrepreneurs encounter difficulties to find out the necessary information
They have a very poor knowledge of the existing support structures and don’t feel attracted by the services or possibilities they provide. So they miss chances to develop their companies and raise he rentability of their enterprises.

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Objective

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The main goal of this project is :

- promote female entrepreneurship and raise the number of female entrepreneurs
- support female entrepreneurs to help them become better entrepreneurs with enterprises that grow and have more chances to survive and make more profit
- give more social recognition to female entrepreneurs, by emphasising that entrepreneurship is not totally male dominated and by doing so bring in gender issues in the entrepreneurial world

1. Creation of a positive image for female entrepreneurs.

To persuade more women that entrepreneurship can also be an issue for them, we want to remodel/rebuild the image of the entrepreneur in society.
Successful entrepreneurs are not only men working countless hours and neglecting their wife and their children, but they can also be women who apart from their entrepreneurial tasks, take care of their family.
If this image is regularly spred in the media, it will appeal to women and they will feel valorised
- examination of the entrepreneurial image in the media and search of the ideal image that will attract women
- persuade the media to use this ideal image

2. Teach women to network
Our aim is to convince women of the value of networking and make them experience it. We will do this by giving them opportunities to attend female networks, where they will find understanding and support for the sometimes difficult situations in which they find themselves as an entrepreneur.
We thereby will also motivate and support them to join mixed networks, since they are the places where information is spread and know how is shared.
We also will give them the opportunity to participate in a transnational network through our contacts with the transnational partners, because we estimate that opening up their world will provide them with chances to grow.

3. Motivate women to follow further education and ameliorate the choice in formation programms, in order to make them more appropriate to the wishes and needs of the women.
- We want to make women understand that running a small business doesn’t mean they don’t’ need further education, because the lack of education could be a reason for not developing their business.
- Apart of this awareness campaign we will provide adequate formation programs with a lot of practical experience, not school like, short term programs with focus on special needs.
We assume that a good balanced mentoring/educating program will meet the education need of women.
- We also produce a dvd with an entrepreneurs/starters course to obtain the entrepreneur qualification, needed to start as an entrepreneur.
We think this may help women to follow this program on the hours and day they can free themselves and help them to find a better combination between their private life and the education needs of their professional life.
- a constant task will consist in motivating women to use new ITC methods by offering them special programs adapted at the levels of their knowledge.

4. Motivate women to use the services and chances offered to develop their enterprises.

- First goal will consist of getting the women informed: make them realise that the right information can help them a lot forwards. Make the support structures aware that they should address their messages to women in the right way to really get through to them.
Therefore we will provide them with tools to better communicate with women and translate their messages and initiatives to women.

- By organising special actions where female entrepreneurs can collaborate, we want to enhance their entrepreneurial skills and also the rentability of their enterprises.
We want women to grow by offering them business contacts in partner countries.

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Innovation


Nature of the experimental activities to be implemented Rating
Guidance, counselling ****
Training ****
Employment aids (+ for self-employment) ****
Employment creation and support ****
Conception for training programs, certification ****
Awareness raising, information, publicity ****
Studies and analysis of discrimination features ****

Type of innovation Rating
Process-oriented ****
Goal-oriented ****

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Budget Action 2

500 000 – 1 000 000 €

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Beneficiaries


Assistance to persons 
Unemployed  0.0%  30.0% 
Employed  0.0%  30.0% 
Others (without status, social beneficiaries...)  0.0%  40.0% 
  100.0% 
 
Migrants, ethnic minorities, …  0.0%  0.0% 
Asylum seekers  0.0%  0.0% 
Population not migrant and not asylum seeker  0.0%  100.0% 
  100.0%
 
Physical Impairment  0.0%  0.0% 
Mental Impairment  0.0%  0.0% 
Mental Illness  0.0%  0.0% 
Population not suffering from a disability  0.0%  100.0% 
  100.0% 
 
Substance abusers 0.0%  0.0% 
Homeless  0.0%  0.0% 
(Ex-)prisoners  0.0%  0.0% 
Other discriminated (religion, sexual orientation)  0.0%  0.0% 
Without such specific discriminations  0.0%  100.0% 
  100.0% 
 
< 25 year  0.0%  30.0% 
25 - 50 year  0.0%  30.0% 
> 50 year  0.0%  40.0% 
   100.0% 

Assistance to structures and systems and accompanying measures Rating
Gender discrimination ****
Support to entrepreneurship ****

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Empowerment

 

 With beneficiaries

Participation
Promoting individual empowerment
Developing collective responsibility and capacity for action
Participation in the project design
Participation in running and evaluating activities
Changing attitudes and behavior of key actors

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na

 

 Between national partners

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The focus group, already appreciated in the first project, will be put up again. This working meeting allow us :
1. To objectivize our actions
2. To follow our guiding lines in the same spirit
3. To have an opinion about each action and to take them into account for the good running of the project.

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Transnationality

 

 Linguistic skills

  • français
  • English

 Percentage of the budget for transnational activities

  • 10.0%

 Transnational Co-operation Partnerships

Transnational Co-operation Agreement DPs involved
3830 I ME WE Innovative, managerial, entrepreunial women in Europe BEnl 25
DK 31
DK 35
ES ES20040126
FI 88
FR BRE-2004-43586
IT IT-G2-MAR-019

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Background

 

 Involvment in previous EU programmes

  • Two and more partners involved in A&E

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National Partners


Partner To be contacted for
UNION DES CLASSES MOYENNES Co-ordination of experimental activities
Design of the project
DP managing organisation
Evaluation
Monitoring, data collection
Transnational partnership
CROSSROADS
Centre d 'idees et de developpement
IFAPME
UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE

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Agreement Summary

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Women are seriously under-represented amongst entrepreneurs and an important potential for growth, as well as increased employment, could be exploited by encouraging more women to set up businesses. Research has also shown that women face a number of difficulties in establishing and maintaining businesses. Although most of these difficulties are common to both genders, in many cases they tend to be more significant for female entrepreneurs. This is due to factors such as the choice of business types and sectors, information gaps, lack of contacts and access to networking, gender discrimination and stereotypes, difficulties in reconciling business and family obligations. Some of these difficulties also mean that the businesses owned by women do not grow as often as those of their male counterparts and, in fact, most women entrepreneurs do not have as much as one employee.


Women are also under-represented amongst managers. Enterprises face new challenges in the local and global business sectors. The pressure to increase flexibility, productivity and innovation by dividing executive work between both sexes is growing. Women face several barriers in their professional carriers and they also lack realistic knowledge about how to use their competences in managerial jobs.

Last update: 12-10-2005 dot Top


UNION DES CLASSES MOYENNES

(UCM)
CHAUSSEE DE BINCHES 101
7000 MONS
www.ucm.be

Tel:065/383864
Fax:065/347005
Email:Katty.toussaint@ucm.be

 
Responsibility in the DP: Co-ordination of experimental activities
Design of the project
DP managing organisation
Evaluation
Monitoring, data collection
Transnational partnership
Type of organisation:Employers' organisation
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff 10-50
NUTS code:MONS
Date of joining / leaving:02-12-2004 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
TOUSSAINT KATTY 065/383861 Katty.toussaint@ucm.be gestion administrative

Last update: 12-10-2005 dot Top


CROSSROADS


RUE BASSE VAUX 33C
5140 Sombreffe

Tel:071/889359
Fax:071/886512
Email:jm@crossroads-digimedia.com

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Other
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:NAMUR (ARRONDISSEMENT)
Date of joining / leaving:02-12-2004 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
MARTIN JACQUES 0475/763744 jm@crossroads-digimedia.com GESTION ADMINISTRATIVE

Last update: 12-10-2005 dot Top


Centre d 'idees et de developpement


AVENUE LEON CHAMPAGNE 2
1480 SAINTES

Tel:02/3909272
Fax:02/3909386
Email:cseumois@agenceid.be

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Other
Legal status:Semi-public organisation
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:BRABANT WALLON
Date of joining / leaving:02-12-2004 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
SEUMOIS CHRISTINE 02/3914537 cseumois@agenceid.be gestion administrative

Last update: 12-10-2005 dot Top


IFAPME

(IFAPME)
BOULEVARD AUDENT14/5
6000 CHARLEROI
www.ifapme.be

Tel:071/238138
Fax:071/238139
Email:ifapme@ifapme.be

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Public authority (national, regional, local)
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:>250
NUTS code:CHARLEROI
Date of joining / leaving:02-12-2004 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
THISE ANNABEL 02/5054762 annabel.thise@ifapme.be gestion administrative

Last update: 12-10-2005 dot Top


UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE

(ULG)
BOULEVARD DU RECTORAT BATB31 BTE48
SART TILMAN
4000 LIEGE

Tel:04/3662795
Fax:04/3662767
Email:

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:University / Research organisation
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff 50-250
NUTS code:LIEGE (ARRONDISSEMENT)
Date of joining / leaving:02-12-2004 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
CORNET ANNIE 04/3662795 annie.cornet@ulg.ac.be gestion administrative

Last update: 12-10-2005 dot Top



 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
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I ME WE

Rationale

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Les différents partenaires de ce projet apportent leurs compétences en matière de création d'entreprise et d'entrepreneuriat féminin que ce soit dans le domaine de la formation, du soutien et de l'accompagnement en création d'entreprise, de réseaux d'affaires, de recherche scientifique sur le sujet, du secteur technologique.
Les compétences de chaque organisme sont mises en exergue et mises à profit du projet; nous concourrons tous dans l'amélioration de la création d'entreprises.
Ce thème s'inscrit parfaitement dans la volonté des gouvernements fédéraux et régionaux qui désirent augmenter le taux d'emploi, notamment par la création d'entreprises.
Ces dernières années, le nombre de personnes entamant une activité de travailleur indépendant a diminué de façon spectaculaire : - 27,0 % entre 1995 et 2001. Cette baisse du nombre de nouveaux assujettis va de pair avec une réduction des travailleurs indépendants qui mettent fin à leur activité. Cependant, le pourcentage de femmes entamant une activité indépendante ou arrêtant une telle activité est proportionnellement supérieur à leur représentation dans l’ensemble du groupe des assujettis. En 2001, 39,6 % des nouveaux assujettis à titre principal étaient des femmes. Pourtant, la même année, elles furent également 39 % à arrêter leur activité indépendante à titre principal.

C'est pourquoi il est important de sensibiliser davantage les créatrices potentielles d'entreprises par des actions telles que celles que nous voulons développer.

Le premier élément justifiant le choix du thème est donc le suivant : le chiffre de 39.6 % de starters sont des femmes mais il équivaut à celui des abandons.

Elles ont donc besoin d'aide et de conseils. Nous devons amplifier les aides à la création d'entreprises; par quels moyens? Faire connaître les outils d'aide et de soutien à la création d'entreprises et aider les candidates dans leur phase de démarrage pour éviter tout échec qui peut s'avérer parfois dramatique au niveau financier ou familial.

Deuxième justification : le nombre de femmes indépendantes stagne à 30 % depuis 10 ans. Pourquoi? Grâce à certaines études (Les femmes entrepreneures face au financement, à la formation et aux réseaux; L'entrepreneuriat en Belgique : Faits et chiffres), on peut avancer certains arguments ; les difficultés rencontrées par les femmes indépendantes leur sont parfois spécifiques et sont les suivantes :
- 67 % des femmes interrogées ont rencontré des problèmes de type financier (accès au financement) ;
- 25 % des femmes interrogées ont dû faire face à des obstacles soit
* de type relationnel (manque de soutien de la part des organisations professionnelles, des réseaux d’affaires ou de l’entourage proche)
* de type individuel (aversion pour le risque, manque de compétences ou de connaissances spécifiques) ;
- 8 % des femmes interrogées ont rencontré des freins en relation avec la « gestion du temps » (conciliation entre vie privée et vie professionnelle, charges administratives) = 8 %.

Les femmes ont donc besoin de conseils par rapport à ces 4 types de freins rencontrés lors du démarrage et/ou du développement de leur entreprise. C'est pour ces raisons que le projet déposé s'axe sur le conseil, l'aide et l'accompagnement à la création et au développement d'entreprise.

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Objective

Text available in

valorisation des femmes indépendantes
- Sensibilisation à la création et au développement d'entreprises auprès des femmes candidates à la création ou à la reprise, porteuses de projet, désirant développer leur entreprise ou la céder.
- Amplifier le développement de structures d'accompagnement sur mesure des entrepreneurs lors du démarrage, et de la gestion des entreprises et/ou de leur installation en tant qu'indépendant
- Activités de réseaux : rencontres, échanges d’expérience, missions commerciales
- Formations adaptées aux femmes entrepreneures : mentoring, e-learning

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Empowerment

 Between national partners

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Participation active des partenaires du PDD par la mise en plac d'un comité de pilotage avec une gestion démocratique du partenariat et une participation collégiale à toutes les prises de décision.
Les focus groupes déjà fortement prisés dans le premier appel seront de nouveau mis en place; ces réunions de travail avec les bénéficiaires nous permettent:
1. D'objectiver nos actions
2. de poursuivre notre ligne de conduite du projet dans le même esprit
3. D'avoir un avis sur chaque action posée et d'en tenir compte pour le bon déroulement du projet

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