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 Development of the labour market situation for the Roma ascii version

Hungary

 
DP Managing organisation : Hungarian Foundation for Self-reliance
Other national partners : Andrassy Gyula Muszaki Kozepiskola
Borsod Road Construction Partnership Co.
Fu-Ta-Ka Ltd
Small Enterprise Economic Development (SEED) Foundation
The Korlat Member Organisation of the Phralipe Independent Roma Organisation
The Mera Member Organisation of the Lungo Drom National Roma Interest
The Vizsoly Member Organisation of the Phralipe Independent Roma Organisation
EQUAL theme :Employability - (Re-)integration to the labour market 
Type of DP :Geographical - Rural area - Budapest 
DP Legal status :Non-profit making organisation 
DP identification :HU-3 
Application phase :Project ended 
Selection date :14-11-2002 
Last update :20-12-2004 
Monitoring:  

Rationale

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Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén (BAZ) county is one of those regions in Hungary in which the proportion of the Roma population (10.8%) by far exceeds the national average. Nearly 20-25% of the country’s Roma population lives here. With the closure of heavy industrial companies, the majority of the workplaces were terminated in the early 1990s, and new ones were created only in very small numbers. BAZ county had to face a negative economic growth during the economic transformation of the era after the change of the political regime. This process had an impact of various degrees in the different minor territories of the county, and the situation is worst in the industrial minor territories within this county of generally bad indicators.
The narrower target region of the project, the micro-region of Encs has a typical settlement structure of small villages, and 36 of the 55 settlements of the region have less than 500 residents. The region is a mixed territory, being characterised by lands suitable for cultivation, whereas the majority of the population used to work in the industrial sector before the economic transformation. The majority of the agricultural co-operatives were also closed, and lands were transferred to private ownership, terminating workplaces in co-operatives. The population of the micro-region of Encs is slightly over 36 thousand, the number of active residents is 8558, that is, 23% of the population has official employment. (The same indicator is around 39% at national level.) The unemployment rate is 33.8 in the micro-region of Encs, and 80% of the registered unemployed are permanently unemployed. 10.3% of the registered unemployed have not accomplished grades 1-8, and 35.9% hold this as their highest educational achievement. The micro-region is one of those with the greatest fallbacks in educational achievements, the average educational accomplishment of the population is 7.8 years, which is below the basic educational level. The number of those excluded from the labour market is estimated around 20 thousand, these people have no links with employment organisations and are not listed in their registration. As new entrants to the labour market can also obtain employment in very small numbers, the local Roma communities can be characterised by serious motivational deficit.
Subsistence for most of the local Roma is secured by social benefits and support, and casual or black or illegal labour. As the number of job opportunities is extremely low in the minor region (the number of registered economic organisations operating in the region is only around 1000), residents can only found employment in remote locations within the county or the country. However, the transfer costs of these – mostly illegal – jobs is usually high, which is a further obstacle in their access to income. The secondary labour market is mostly only accessible to those who hold a general school certificate (of the accomplishment of grades 1-8), and the rest comprise the group of 20 thousand mentioned above, with no access to any labour market programmes, support or opportunities.
The training part of the project would involve three settlements directly (and through these, the Roma population of the neighbouring settlements indirectly).
The Hungarian Foundation for Self Reliance (Autonómia Alapítvány, AA) has been supporting agricultural programmes implemented by local Roma organisations in the given micro-region for several years. Thus stable and successful working links already exist between the AA and the partner organisations; on the other hand, bottom-up income generating initiatives are arising here, and these can be developed at organisational level. The majority of support programmes begins with the assessment of needs at local level. This is less formal in the case of basic level programmes, whereas in the case of development programmes we use a questionnaire prepared to form. Through this questionnaire, Roma organisations get a structured picture of the local labour market, the most important local needs, the opportunities offered by the major employers and the training and employment programmes already operating in the region. (In the collection of the data we also have to rely on assistance from the local authorities, the employment organisations and training institutions.) The organisations plan their programmes on the basis of the data collected. All this is supplemented by professional assistance and regular monitoring by AA. As a result of the data available, and the regular working links between the involved partners, an assessment of the needs has already been prepared at the given settlements. These needs are entirely in accordance with the regional opportunities, short-term and medium-term development plans, and the proposed projects is designed and aims to meet these needs.

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Objective

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The proposed project is centred around three major activities:
1. the organisation of training courses, working experience and an economic unit adapted to the explored local training and employment needs,
2. the enhancement of the potentials of Roma organisations in community and organisational development, project implementation, and economic interest protection,
3. strengthening the role of Roma organisations in the labour market – in the widest sense, – the establishment of the formal framework of the exchange of information among the actors of the local labour market, including the development and operation of a Roma labour market counselling network; the establishment of a Roma employment round table.
The three activities are closely related to each other, as they do not only address specific, locally articulated needs, but also provide a basis for the continuity of the programmes by the acquisition of the knowledge and skills necessary for the implementation of labour market programmes, and the development of the related (formal and informal) organisational structure. The fact that the various elements of the project are built on each other in a complex way is also very important in enhancing the motivation of the organisations as well as the members of the target group of the project.
People without basic educational qualification may only obtain casual or illegal labour in the primary labour market, there are no job opportunities for them as unskilled labour force. Nor can they participate in the training and retraining programmes of the employment centres due to the lack of educational qualifications, as the input requirement of these is the accomplishment of at least grades 1-8 in almost all cases. The public utility working opportunities offered by the local authorities have meant a temporary solution to these people. However, the activities offered in this framework mostly require some kind of qualification (the operation of equipment, such as a mowing machine or power saw is also linked to a registered qualification), which means that those without qualification are prone to losing this opportunity of obtaining income. The general schools of the region do not provide courses for adults on account of lack of resources, and those who wish to obtain basic qualification outside the school system may occasionally attend courses at remote locations. However, in the latter case courses are made almost unavailable by travel costs. The chance to obtain a basic qualification within the framework of a complex adult education and employment programme is also crucial because it provides participants access to the labour market facilities supported by the government, that is, it makes them trainable.
The training courses offering qualifications listed in the National List of Qualifications are adapted to local needs and opportunities, and have been planned with a view to short-term and medium-term economic development plans. These include the building of refrigerating plants, providing job opportunities for light engine operators, the planned construction of the M3 highway towards Slovakia, which provides employment for heavy engine operators, placement at local agricultural enterprises as agricultural engine operators, the development of forestry already operating in the region, which would provide long-term employment and job opportunities for even more people.
AA will organise a training course in project management for the heads and project managers of the Roma partner organisations of the DP, and the participants of the Roma labour market counselling sub-programme. The training course will be held in more panels at various stages of the project, adapted to the specific phases and the problems that may arise during the project. The aim of the project management training is to provide the participants with the basic project management skills necessary for the successful implementation of their programmes, and fit their former knowledge into a theory incorporating the aspect of the process, learn management techniques related to their projects, make the risks of the programmes visible, and yield action plans to these.
As a part of the program a Roma labour Market Roundtable will be established. Its objective is the development of a system based on the work of counsellors who participated in the professional training and live with the Roma population. Their activities enable continuous communication with the Roma (permanently) excluded from the labour market the employers, the vocational training and educational institutions, and the institutional actors of the labour market. They participate in the organisation and implementation of the assessment of the needs of the Roma communities and people; the organisation of projects to promote employment, and vocational and educational linked to the programme.

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Innovation


Nature of the experimental activities to be implemented Rating
Guidance, counselling ***
Training ***
Training on work place ***
Work placement ***
Employment aids (+ for self-employment) **
Integrated measures (pathway to integration) *
Employment creation and support ****
Improvement of employment services, Recruitment structures ****
Conception for training programs, certification **
Anticipation of technical changes *
Work organisation, improvement of access to work places ****
Guidance and social services **
Awareness raising, information, publicity **
Studies and analysis of discrimination features **

Type of innovation Rating
Process-oriented ****
Goal-oriented ****
Context oriented ***

Text available in

The Roma Labour Market Roundtable will be the first effort in this micro-region to involve the Roma organizations and activists into the official labour market structure. Through the Roundtable the Roma comunities will be able to have uptodate informations on the training and job possibilities just like on the different governmental labour market benefits.
As a result of the different income generating programs the Roma organizations can start community-based enterprises. These enterprises cannot became a strong actor of the local labour market because of the lack of the local funds and capital. With the needed infrastructural innovation - together with a business development training - they will be able to became an important employer of the region.

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Budget Action 2

250 000 – 500 000 €

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Beneficiaries


Assistance to persons 
Unemployed  30.0%  35.0% 
Employed  0.0%  0.0% 
Others (without status, social beneficiaries...)  15.0%  20.0% 
  100.0% 
 
Migrants, ethnic minorities, …  0.0%  0.0% 
Asylum seekers  0.0%  0.0% 
Population not migrant and not asylum seeker  70.0%  30.0% 
  100.0%
 
Physical Impairment  0.0%  0.0% 
Mental Impairment  0.0%  0.0% 
Mental Illness  0.0%  0.0% 
Population not suffering from a disability  70.0%  30.0% 
  100.0% 
 
Substance abusers 0.0%  0.0% 
Homeless  0.0%  0.0% 
(Ex-)prisoners  0.0%  0.0% 
Other discriminated (religion, sexual orientation)  70.0%  30.0% 
Without such specific discriminations  0.0%  0.0% 
  100.0% 
 
< 25 year  20.0%  30.0% 
25 - 50 year  30.0%  20.0% 
> 50 year  0.0%  0.0% 
   100.0% 

Assistance to structures and systems and accompanying measures Rating
Gender discrimination ***
Support to entrepreneurship ****
Discrimination and inequality in employment ***
Low qualification ****
Racial discrimination **
Unemployment ****

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Empowerment

 

 With beneficiaries

Participation
Promoting individual empowerment
Developing collective responsibility and capacity for action
Participation in the project design
Participation in running and evaluating activities

Text available in

The project is implemented with the involvement of the Roma organisations in the planning and implementation of the activities. Thus they are not only beneficiaries but also active participants, executors of this complex process. In addition, the proposed activities are characterised by reliance on and employment of local resources, and the addressing of local needs. As a result of the program the involved Roma organizations will be able to prepare and develop more and more trainings and enterprises, the will have the needed skills to maintain the Roma labour market roundtable too.

 

 Between national partners

Text available in

Autonomia Foundation as the main applicant is responsible for the implementation, the co-ordination, the financial tasks related to the project, for the preparation of professional and financial reports, for the continuous monitoring, evaluation and the documentation of the project; for the publication of the volume introducing and assessing the project, for the implementation of the labour market counselling service, the 12-month employment of the Roma labour market counsellors.
The Phralipe in Korlát is responsible for the local co-ordination of the basic and vocational training courses, the employment of a set proportion of those who obtain a qualification in accordance with the National List of Qualifications during the project, the implementation of the administrative tasks related to the local sub-programmes.
The Lungo Drom in Méra is responsible for the local co-ordination of basic and vocational training courses, the implementation of administrative tasks related to local programmes.
The Phralipe in Vizsoly is responsible for the local co-ordination of the basic and vocational training courses, the employment of a set proportion of those who obtain a qualification in accordance with the National List of Qualifications during the project, the implementation of the administrative tasks related to the local sub-programmes.
Andrássy Gyula Technical Secondary School is responsible for the implementation of the training courses in accordance with the National List of Qualifications in the power saw operator, lumbering, light engine operator, heavy engine operator, flower wreathing professions. The training company undertakes to implement the training courses in the given settlements, and provide the necessary facilities. In addition to the training courses, the training company also undertakes to organise and implement the examinations in accordance with the National List of Qualifications. The training company undertakes to organise ECDL training courses and examinations for trainees within the framework of the training of the Roma labour market counsellors, but the technical equipment and infrastructure necessary for the training will not be provided by them. The amounts due for the training courses by the agreed and contracted prices will be paid by the DP from the proposal budget against invoices set out to the name of the main applicant.
The Borsod Road Co. is responsible for the provision of on-the-job placement of a set number of participants in the vocational training course during the project, the provision of opportunities of working experience for those who obtain a qualification listed in the National List of Qualifications during the project, and their employment with a view to economic rationality.
Fü-Ta-Ka Ltd. is responsible for the provision of on-the-job placement of a set number of participants in the vocational training course during the project, the provision of opportunities of working experience for those who obtain a qualification listed in the National List of Qualifications during the project, and their employment with a view to economic rationality.
The Small Enterprise Economic Development (SEED) Foundation is responsible for the implementation of the project planning, enterprise development and management training for the price set and contracted in advance. The price of the training courses will be covered by the DP from the proposal budget, and the SEED Foundation will account for this by an invoice set out to the name of the main applicant.

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Transnationality

 

 Linguistic skills

  • English
  • Deutsch
  • español (castellano)
  • italiano

 Percentage of the budget for transnational activities

  • 15.0%

 Transnational Co-operation Partnerships

Transnational Co-operation Agreement DPs involved
41 FACETS AT 2-01/58
DE EA-14884
DK 7
IT IT-G-FRI-009
PT 2001-163
PT 2001-262
UKgb 50

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Background

 

 Involvment in previous EU programmes

  • One partner involved in A&E

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National Partners


Partner To be contacted for
Hungarian Foundation for Self-reliance DP managing organisation
Transnational partnership
Andrassy Gyula Muszaki Kozepiskola Co-ordination of experimental activities
Borsod Road Construction Partnership Co.
Fu-Ta-Ka Ltd
Small Enterprise Economic Development (SEED) Foundation Monitoring, data collection
The Korlat Member Organisation of the Phralipe Independent Roma Organisation Evaluation
The Mera Member Organisation of the Lungo Drom National Roma Interest Design of the project
The Vizsoly Member Organisation of the Phralipe Independent Roma Organisation

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Agreement Summary

Text available in

N/A

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Hungarian Foundation for Self-reliance

(Autonomia Alapitvany)
Pozsonyi str. 14
H 1137 Budapest
www.autonomia.hu

Tel:36 1 237 6020
Fax:36 1 237 6029
Email:autonomia@autonomia.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP: DP managing organisation
Transnational partnership
Type of organisation:Organisation providing support and guidance for disadvantaged groups
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Text available in

The organization is a private foundation, has been established in 1990. It’s main activity to develope and provide income generating programs for the Roma minority in Hungary.



Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mr Barat Endre 36 1 237 6026 barate@autonomia.hu entrepreneurial issues
Mr Korodi Miklos 36 1 237 6027 korodim@autonomia.hu educational and vocational trainings
Mr Lukacs Gyorgy 36 1 237 6025 gy.lukacs@autonomia.hu general management

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Andrassy Gyula Muszaki Kozepiskola


Soltész Nagy Kálmán str. 10.
H 3530 Miskolc

Tel:36 46/ 412 444, 412 783, 412 251
Fax:36 46 344-500
Email:mail@agymk.mumszki.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP: Co-ordination of experimental activities
Type of organisation:Education / training organisation
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff 10-50
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mr Szalay Sándor 36 46 412 444 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Borsod Road Construction Partnership Co.

(Borsod Road Co.)
Szabadság str. 85.
H 3884 Boldogkőújfalu

Tel:36 46 386 357
Fax:36 46 386 357
Email:borsodiutepito.bt@axelero.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Enterprise
Legal status:Private
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Ms Gulyás Rita 36 46 386 357 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Fu-Ta-Ka Ltd


Petőfi str. 48.
H 3860 Ecns

Tel:36 30 213 7851, 36 46 308 588
Fax:36 46 308 588
Email:

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Enterprise
Legal status:Private
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mr Takács Ferenc 36 46 308 588 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Small Enterprise Economic Development (SEED) Foundation

(SEED Foundation)
Rómer Flóris str 22-24.
H 1024 Budapest

Tel:36 1 212 2179
Fax:36 1 212 2179
Email:seed@hungary.com

 
Responsibility in the DP: Monitoring, data collection
Type of organisation:Education / training organisation
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Text available in

The organization is a private business development foundation.



Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Ms Soltész Anikó 36 1 212 2179 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


The Korlat Member Organisation of the Phralipe Independent Roma Organisation

(Phralipe, Korlát)
Kossuth str. 3
H 3886 Korlát

Tel:36 46 308 136
Fax:
Email:

 
Responsibility in the DP: Evaluation
Type of organisation:Organisation providing support and guidance for disadvantaged groups
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Text available in

The Phralipe in Korlát is a local Roma organization. The organization does not have a paid employee, all the members are working as volunteer.



Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mr Tama József 36 46 308 136 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


The Mera Member Organisation of the Lungo Drom National Roma Interest

(Lungo Drom, Méra)
Kázsmárk str 4
H 3871 Méra

Tel:36 46 460 362
Fax:
Email:

 
Responsibility in the DP: Design of the project
Type of organisation:Organisation providing support and guidance for disadvantaged groups
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Text available in

The Lungo Drom in Méra is a local Roma organization. The organization does not have a paid employee, all the members are working as volunteer.



Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mr Bancsók János 36 46 460 362 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


The Vizsoly Member Organisation of the Phralipe Independent Roma Organisation

(Phralipe, Vizsoly)
Károlyi Gáspár str. 3
H 3888 Vizsoly

Tel:36 30 463 4810
Fax:
Email:

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Organisation providing support and guidance for disadvantaged groups
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Text available in

The Phralipe in Vizsoly is a local Roma organization. The organization does not have a paid employee, all the members are working as volunteer.



Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mr Fábián József 36 30 463 4810 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top



 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
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Development of the labour market situation for the Roma

Rationale

Text available in

La traduction n'est pas encore disponible.

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Objective

Text available in

La traduction n'est pas encore disponible.

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