IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE
 

 Improvement of disadvanteged roma families social positions through training ascii version

Hungary

 
DP Managing organisation : Progress Enterprise Development Foundation
Other national partners : Alternative Primary School, Technical School and Special School
Bács-Kiskun County Organisation for Roma's Protection of Interests
Bács-Kiskun County Regional Development Public Co.
Békés County Foundation for Enterprise Promotion
Békés Municipality Roma Minority Self Government
Roma Educational Society
EQUAL theme :Employability - (Re-)integration to the labour market 
Type of DP :Geographical - Urban area - Budapest 
DP Legal status :Non-profit making organisation 
DP identification :HU-2 
Application phase :Project ended 
Selection date :04-07-2002 
Last update :20-12-2004 
Monitoring:  

Rationale

Text available in

The South – Great Plain Region of Hungary consists of three counties: Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rate of the roma population is essential in all the three region. The life chances of the roma families living in the region, that are in a disadvantageous situation and have more children, are essentially worse, than the present-day Hungarian average. Because considering most of the important economical and social index, the region legs behind the condition of the more developed parts of the country. The disadvantages of the roma families can be traced back to the low educational rate, the disadvantageous labour market discrimination, the great rate unemployment that comes form that, the different social cultural roots, and the social prejudices that strengthen further because of this otherness.
Into the primary target group of the project – in the marked geographical territory – belong the male and female members of the cumulatively disadvantaged young roma families, who are in a lasting unemployed status, because of their lack of education and qualification. We marked the family and not the person as the target group, because the cumulating problems concentrate and affect in the life of the family. The family approximation improves the effectiveness of the help, because with the initiation of the family members, the realisation of the aims to be reached can be explained as common task, and the results are also common.
Into the primary target group – as model locations – belong circa 150 person. So we examine the situation of altogether circa 450 youths in the three locations, and we select from them the altogether circa 45 persons in two turns, who as direct target persons, will be the participants of the project.
At the selection of the target group – mainly the locations of the part projects – we started from the economical realities, the labour market characteristics of the given regions and settlements, and to this we matched the social, educational, age and other characteristics of the target group. We were looking for real training and employing possibilities (claims of the employers), to this we matched the necessary training program, and we select only to this, with appropriate methods, the circle of the beneficiaries.
We initiate the enterprises, institutions and self governments that shoulder the employment into the project as the co-operating partners of the association, – but not as consortium members – and we lay down the special tasks connecting to the various part projects in separate agreements.
The families in cumulatively disadvantaged situation can be helped only with rational and lasting methods – that considers in maximal way the economical necessity. In the spirit of the economical rationalities, we did not choose a training (profession) first, but we uncovered employment possibilities, and then we fitted to these the connecting trainings. The three consortium members with economical profile will have dominante role in that, they should find and tender complementary resources for the various territory sub-projects – for their economical actors – in the interest of the further employment of the beneficiaries.

The roma women have less possibilities than the roma men to train themselves as adults and accept work. We looked for professional territory for them, on which we also find work possibility for them, at the same time they can use the knowledge acquired during the training in the circle of their own family. We found the foster-parent training as almost an ideal solution, with appropriate employment output in the professional services for children care. During the negotiations with the professional services it cleared up, that – remarkably – the children care profession has an extremely good point of view about the work of the foster-parents of roma descent. The roma families admit essentially easier and consider the children that got out of the sate care as their own more, than the families of non roma descent.

The economical improvement rate of the South-Great Plain Region does not reach the country average, specially the rade of the developed over Duna regions. To the tying up of the in large numbers appearing free – mainly unqualified – roma labour force the spontaneous economical, labour market processes are not enough. The prejudices are strong, that is why from own power, without help, only a few roma youths (young roma family) can come out from the hopeless situation. The elements of the planned project connects into each other in a way, that they serve this help as a complex model, in an optimal way:
- The selection of the beneficiaries from the target group – social-cultural point of views with local characteristics, and with methods that serve the examination of the personality.
- The elimination of the starting disadvantages – with the elaboration of a personal development program.
- Training and professional training – with the adoption of training programs that are available, or elaborated by our partners.
- Assurance of workplace, employment – with the undertaking of an obligation of our entrepreneur, self government and institutional partners.
- Helping presence and counselling activity of experts (social worker, family helper, etc.) during the whole program.
- Post care of the people getting out of the project.

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Objective

Text available in

The permanent and essential improvement of the (increase) disadvantaged roma families can only be reached with a better chance on the labor market. An efficient way to highten this chance is to involve more and more of these trainings which fit to the need of the economy, and after the training helping them to find work. To set up and spread adaptable model not only improves the circumstances of the participating families, but with the help of positive examples we can reduce the general society disadvantages and the prejudice. With the help of training them to valuable employees on the primary labor market – or even entrepreneurs we set up good example to the minority society or to the Hungarian society.
The project will take place on three different locations, like three sub project. When location selection was bared on regionalism, so that sub projects can be reference programs for the counties. The project will support 45 potential minority employees. The biggest sub project will take place in Kiskunhalas. In this location 20-25 men and women will be trained-bricklayer or foster parenting and for them we offer working possibility too for at least 12 mounts.
In Békés with the cooperation of several local enterprises we start a woodwork sub project. We can train 10 joiner and these enterprises are willing to employ them for at least 12 months. We’ve chosen Békés, because the enterprises who offered to take part were mainly from here. We will also train 6-8 roma women to become foster parents with the same conditions as in Kiskunhalas. In the third county is Csongrád. 6-10 roma women will be trained with the help of the county’s childcare service. We can see from the numbers mentioned above that the precise number of trained and employed romas of the sub project will depend on the result of the selection. But the total number of the project is fixed in 45 persons.
We will choose the training fields base on the real needs of the labor market, so we can create chance not just for the compulsory duration of the program but for the long run ad hopefully permanently too
By training and offering work for both men and women in most participating families will be two earners and with this we can really increase their circumstances. Because we’ll chose the participants among the families with children, the project will affect an increase in the chance of life and education for them too. By the end of the project the technical and personal background to continue and spread the model in the long run.
We can support 45 minority people but a successfully implemented program will have positive affect on a wider community than the immediate family knowing the strong link between the minority society.
By spreading this widely adaptable model – showing positive examples- we would like to reduce prejudice in more and more settlements. If we train valuable workforce for the primary labor market we can set up positive examples to the wide minority society and even to the majority society. Since we put the selected romas to workplaces where people so far haven’t’ face the minority we can improve their understanding too. We can help the mutual understanding, which in the long run can came reduce in the mutual prejudice and this indirectly affects back to our primary target group the roma families living on the geographic area of the project.

General aims:
· To lessen the negative prejudice against minority people
· To increase the general chances of working (labor market integration /reintegration)
· To change the family model of the roma children
· To help the mutual understanding between the majority and the minority
· To integrate the Hungarian minority people into the society
· To improve the educational and life chances
· To spread rational project management methods in the human sphere.
Results:
· Increase in the individual circumstances and lifestyle of the beneficiary families
· Show positive examples
· The beneficiaries are becoming valuable employees
· Establish families having 2 earners
· Establish an adaptable model.


Specific activities:
Training altogether 45 roma employee
10 joiners (Békés)
12-20 bricklayers (Kiskunhalas)
15-23 foster parenting (Békés, Kiskunhalas, Csongrád County (further fixed)
organize at least 12 months employment the beneficiary 45 minority people.

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Innovation


Nature of the experimental activities to be implemented Rating
Guidance, counselling ***
Training ****
Training on work place ****
Work placement ****
Employment aids (+ for self-employment) ***
Integrated measures (pathway to integration) ***
Employment creation and support ****
Improvement of employment services, Recruitment structures ***
Conception for training programs, certification ****
Anticipation of technical changes ***
Work organisation, improvement of access to work places ***
Guidance and social services ****
Awareness raising, information, publicity ***

Type of innovation Rating
Process-oriented ****
Goal-oriented ***
Context oriented *

Text available in

In the first phase, the minority organisation partner, who has local knowledge – in the basis of the aim- and point of view system of the project – makes fore filtering in the circle of the minority families. First it selects those from the wider target group, who are suitable to the general and special basis conditions.
In this second phase of the selection, the experts of the Society – with various skill- and personality sum up methods – make the names of the persons (families) initiated into the training final. The methodology of the selection builds upon the summing up of the writing skill, and personal interviews.
The investigation of the social situation is necessary for the effective realisation of the program. The difficulties appearing because of the social reasons can stand as drawback in the way of the realisation of the aims. That is why, it is important, before the initiation into the project, to examine the social characteristics of the families, and it is also important to give proper answers for the emerging problems.
The selected beneficiaries, of course, start from different knowledge and skill level, that is why before the start of their training development plans set to individuals must be worked out for them. This modul fits in the complex process of the training organically.
The catching up training (planned in the project) is new in Hungary, this training form has few traditions. Into this training can be initiate youths, who could not get the educational level in the primary school until their school age, that is why they can not learn any profession. The adoption of the form is given reason, in the case of the beneficiaries, that in the background of the school failure there are lacks of talent and skill, because of that the problems of our beneficiaries can not be solved by the traditional forms of the adult education – evening, corresponding education.
The catching up training can assure, that the beneficiary youths should not belong to the lower layers of the society, that come off, often needs to be cared, but they can be able to further learning. This training makes possible the elimination of the previously shaped disadvantages in the knowledge, and the getting of the qualifications, that are valued on the labour market.
The subject-matters of instruction determined on the basis of the frame programme of the course serve mainly the getting of the knowledge that is necessary for the socialisation and the work activity, the improvement of the talents and skills, that is why the elaboration of the subject-matter of instruction does not claim the “giving down” of the subject-matter of instruction, but the active part taking of the students. In favour of this, the frame programme of the course makes possible the sensitive learning organisation, the putting together of one part of the contents that establishes the general education and prepare the profession learning with the practical training, the acquirement of the general educational elements connection to concrete practical activity, life experiences. All this increases the students' motivation towards the profession learning, makes them possible to get success experiences.

In the frame of the catching up training – in 600 hours – they educate education-training that establishes the general education, career orientation, professional preparation knowledge and professional establishing training, in the frame of theoretical and practical class occupations. An interest enforcement skill developing training connects to the catching up training as a separate modul.
The circle of the professions that are initiated into our training changes in the various territory sub-projects, depending on, onto what employment output was the named sub-project settled. Suitably, we plan training in three professions in the frame of the project:

a./ Bricklayer profession
b./ Carpenter profession
c./ Professional foster-parent profession

The organisers of the project must provide a practical ground too to the outlined complex professional training. The employees connecting into the project made written declaration about the employing obligation.
During the practice the expectations of the training thematic must be harmonised of course with the claims of the employer.
The “monetary interest”, raillery to the project of the partners that provide practical ground for the training can be created in different ways. The entrepreneur circle (firms in the building- and wooden industry) – over the identification with the aims of the program – consider it advantageous, that in the frame of the project they get skilled workers in the way, that the training costs nothing for them. It can also be positive for them, that the beneficiaries lead a value maker, real productive work on the practical ground during the training time, and its wage costs do not burden the employers. Finally: there is a further motivation in the circle of the wooden tradesmen. If there are any wooden industry machines, equipment necessary for the practical training that are missing at the firm, the project can give help in their supply – from the calculation, or with the initiation of plus resources.
The motivations of the institutional partners are different in this phase of the project. The foster-parent candidates, can not lead an individual, value maker work during the training time, their practical employment will happen in the various part territories of the children care (at practising foster-parents, in institutes and in institutions). The main motivation of the professional services for children care, that the skilled (professional) foster-parents work further in their competent territory, and they do not have to take care of their obliged training, and its finance.

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Budget Action 2

250 000 – 500 000 €

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Beneficiaries


Assistance to persons 
Unemployed  20.0%  40.0% 
Employed  0.0%  0.0% 
Others (without status, social beneficiaries...)  15.0%  25.0% 
  100.0% 
 
Migrants, ethnic minorities, …  35.0%  65.0% 
Asylum seekers  0.0%  0.0% 
Population not migrant and not asylum seeker  0.0%  0.0% 
  100.0%
 
Physical Impairment  0.0%  0.0% 
Mental Impairment  0.0%  0.0% 
Mental Illness  0.0%  0.0% 
Population not suffering from a disability  35.0%  65.0% 
  100.0% 
 
Substance abusers 0.0%  0.0% 
Homeless  0.0%  0.0% 
(Ex-)prisoners  0.0%  0.0% 
Other discriminated (religion, sexual orientation)  35.0%  65.0% 
Without such specific discriminations  0.0%  0.0% 
  100.0% 
 
< 25 year  5.0%  30.0% 
25 - 50 year  30.0%  35.0% 
> 50 year  0.0%  0.0% 
   100.0% 

Assistance to structures and systems and accompanying measures Rating
Support to entrepreneurship **
Discrimination and inequality in employment ****
Low qualification ****
Racial discrimination ****
Unemployment ****

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Empowerment

 

 With beneficiaries

Participation
Developing collective responsibility and capacity for action
Participation in the project design
Participation in running and evaluating activities
Changing attitudes and behavior of key actors

Text available in

a./ Direct effects.
The model described in the project fundamentally affects the three most critical parts of the living conditions and labour market opportunities of the beneficiaries through blunting the disadvantages within capabilities and abilities of the beginning, formation and ensuring employment. As a result of the indicated „intervention”, the material and living conditions of the long-term unemployed joint family beneficiaries are goint to be improved compared to their situation at the beginning of the project, meanwhile their long-term chances at the labour market is going to be enhanced too. During the formation they may terminate their unfinished primary education, obtain professional qualification and finally beside the salary they may acquire such working experience and professional knowledge within the duration of the project that otherwise they partially or would not have. Furthermore, with the professional qualification and additional knowledge their chances to stay permanently at the primary labour market may increase.
During the apprenticeship and then at the guaranteed employment men would be placed in such a working environment within the constructing or wood industry where they should adapt to non roma workers, and furthermore they have to be accepted among them through their own accomplishment and community behaviour. They are not forced to drop their own roma identity, but in numerous aspects they need to adapt to the situation. (Discipline, persistance, attention to relations at work, tolerance towards altering customs of non roma etc.) The project can only help them not to combat with negative discrimination originated from the negative prejudices during their jobsearch and later at the beginning of work. The colleagues of the project are going to prepare the host company with social work methods for the arrival of the roma workers. (Such needs should be communicated by the leaders of the enterprises!) As a result, the non roma workers of the company hopefully are not going to be reluctant towards the roma bricklayer and carpinter apprentices, therefore it is going to affect the thinking within the host company too.

The character of the bricklayer and carpenter jobs allows for the beneficiaries to work within as employed, or individual entrepreneurs too. Those beneficiaries that are found to be prepared to launch their own enterprises are going to be motivated and supported to become independent, therefore they are going to take the first steps towards acquiring a new lifestyle.
An important element of our model is the involvement of roma women within cathcing up, formation and work. The step-parent training is expected to have two very important effects in the lives of the beneficiary women. The character of the profession and its content priorities help them to use the acquired knowledge of the training not only in their profession but in the lifestyle of their own family. They can use it as they practise the adequate work for their qualification within their home during the bringing up of children under state care. So there is going to be a logical overlap between their professional and maternal role.
The involvement of women may alter the structure of the families-hopefully their majority- and turn into two breadwinner families which can be a further step forward in their lives. As a result of the increase of the family income, they may have the chance to receive certain- salary dependent- financial benefits (beneficial house building loan, family benefits within the tax system). Such means may allow them to ensure their family conditions at the primary labour market and disburden the resources of the social welfare system.

b./ Indirect effects.
As a result of the project, the thinking and conscience of the beneficiaries are going to be changed. After the repetitive experience of failure they probably will feel capable of enhancing their previously multiple disadvantageous lifestyle. This may especially characterise those roma mothers who work as step-parent. They can take an important role in ensuring the financial needs, meanwhile they should not give up their traditional- in roma families particularly strong- role.
The strongest indirect effects can be predicted in the lives of the children brought up by the beneficiary families of the project. Not only because of the better material conditions within the beneficiary families of the project but also because of positive family patterns too. Beside their better financial chances for studying, their subjective, family motivations can be transformed too. They can leave childhood and family with altered values.
As the emphasis of earning the family income from the social welfare system is going into the direction of the primary labour market therefore the self-esteem of the beneficiaries is going to be altered, so their role within the society is going to take a new dimension too. Consequently those examples and patterns that family communicates towards the direct and wider environment are going to be transformed too.
The strong family ties and relationships within the minority society are especially significant. The most direct mediators of these altered patterns will be channelled through the joint family ties.
The efficient participation of the beneficiaries in the project is going to affect the originally selected wider range of the target persons too, which can be considered as an important indirect effect. This range of the target persons constitutes the relatively close, but caring community of some of the settlements, so the positive examples are going to affect the attitude towards learning, self-formation and thinking of the members of this community. The main long-term effects are expected from the education of the children.

 

 Between national partners

Text available in

In this workgroup all of the participants have to learn and get used to that area that was not in neither in his nor in the competence of the represented consortium member at all.
The civic organisations are learning and adapting to the more rational and obvious, sometimes tougher methods of the economy, while those working within the economy are getting familiarised with the problems of those with multiple disadvantages and with the interior characteristics of the human sector. (After launching the project this team is going to be the director and responsible of the operative work, the core of the management.) The minimum of the group should be constituted of the two views, the rational and humanitarian processes that characterise our project.
The participants in the planning and elaboration of the project are going to take the new expertise and views within the member organisation that delegated them in the project management.
Greater changes within the management of the co-ordinating Progress Foundation is necessary, as according to the consortium regulations, the co-ordinator is responsible for the technical tasks of the operation of the development co-operation. The Progress Foundation will appoint the leader of the project- who will be the project director of the foundation- furthermore the work of two managers is going to target this project too. One of them has social-pedagogue degree while the other has worked more than a decade within the roma civic sector, so the bases for launching the project are given at the co-ordinator.
The long-term concept of the Progress Foundation includes as a crucial element the work with those with multiple disadvantages and the management of projects targeting the improvement of their situation. The interior structural measures that were taken during the preparation of the Equal-project do not only serve for the management of the project but it gives the basis for a longer-term activity.
The Alternative School and the Gypsy Educational Society have never worked in such close market determination during their practise as they are going to do now. They have experience in the planning and arrangement of different school and outdoor trainings, but they need to get more insight in the flexible adaptation to the labour market needs and exploring the real market needs. The co-workers of the school and the association who are involved in the project may gain experience in the market and economy orientated education organisation.
The roma organisation partners of the consortium on their own –similar to the other Hungarian civic organisations of such profile- can hardly satisfy those professional criteria that different call for tenders require from the applicants. Participation in the project will give them a great opportunity to gain professional experience that can be used in their later practise.

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Transnationality

 

 Linguistic skills

  • English
  • Deutsch
  • español (castellano)
  • italiano

 Percentage of the budget for transnational activities

  • 15.0%

 Transnational Co-operation Partnerships

Transnational Co-operation Agreement DPs involved
2955 BRIDGE DE EA-86588

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Background

 

 Involvment in previous EU programmes

  • Nobody involved in A&E

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National Partners


Partner To be contacted for
Progress Enterprise Development Foundation Co-ordination of experimental activities
Design of the project
DP managing organisation
Evaluation
Monitoring, data collection
Transnational partnership
Alternative Primary School, Technical School and Special School
Bács-Kiskun County Organisation for Roma's Protection of Interests
Bács-Kiskun County Regional Development Public Co.
Békés County Foundation for Enterprise Promotion
Békés Municipality Roma Minority Self Government
Roma Educational Society

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Agreement Summary

Text available in

N/A

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Progress Enterprise Development Foundation


Tisza L. krt. 63.
6722 Szeged
www.lea-szeged.hu

Tel:+36 62 483 683, +36 62 421 911
Fax:+36 62 483 683 /108
Email:info@lea-szeged.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP: Co-ordination of experimental activities
Design of the project
DP managing organisation
Evaluation
Monitoring, data collection
Transnational partnership
Type of organisation:Enterprise
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff 10-50
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Judit Molnár +36 62 483 683 judit.bucsi@lea-szeged.hu EQUAL
Laszlo Murányi +36 62 483 683 info@lea-szeged.hu EQUAL
Tamas Szobonya +36 62 483 683 tamas.szobonya@lea-szeged.hu EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Alternative Primary School, Technical School and Special School


József A. sgt. 53.
6723 Szeged

Tel:+36 62 574 014
Fax:+36 62 574 017
Email:suli@alternativ-szeged.sulinet.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Education / training organisation
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff 10-50
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Sándor Földes +36 62 574 014 suli@alternativ-szeged.sulinet.hu EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Bács-Kiskun County Organisation for Roma's Protection of Interests


Tó u. 36.
6400 Kiskunhalas

Tel:+36 77 428 064
Fax:+36 77 428 064
Email:kecskes@bacskiskun.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Employment services
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
László Rostás +36 77 428 064 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Bács-Kiskun County Regional Development Public Co.


Deák F. tér 3.
6000 Kecskemét

Tel:+36 76 513 873
Fax:+36 76 513 874
Email:kecskes@bacskiskun.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Public authority (national, regional, local)
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff 10-50
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
László Kecskés dr. +36 76 513 873 kecskes@bacskiskun.hu EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Békés County Foundation for Enterprise Promotion


Árpád sor 18.
5600 Békéscsaba

Tel:+36 66 442 520
Fax:+36 66 442 520
Email:htarnai@bmva.hu, jhkovacs@bmva.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Enterprise
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff 10-50
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Hajnalka Tárnai +36 66 442 520 htarnai@bmva.hu EQUAL
Judit H. Kovács +36 66 442 520 jhkovacs@bmva.hu EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Békés Municipality Roma Minority Self Government


Szabadság tér 11-17.
5600 Békéscsaba

Tel:+36 66 523 852
Fax:+36 66 523 852
Email:

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Organisation providing support and guidance for disadvantaged groups
Legal status:Public organisation
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Erzsébet Kovács +36 66 523 852 EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top


Roma Educational Society


József A. sgt. 53.
6723 Szeged

Tel:+36 62 574 014
Fax:+36 62 574 017
Email:kate.moni@freemail.hu

 
Responsibility in the DP:
Type of organisation:Education / training organisation
Legal status:Non-profit private organisation (including NGO...)
Size:Staff < 10
NUTS code:
Date of joining / leaving:23-04-2002 /

Contact person(s)

Name First name Phone E-mail Responsibility
Mónika Szűcsné Káté +36 62 574 014 kate.moni@freemail.hu EQUAL

Last update: 20-12-2004 dot Top



 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
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Improvement of disadvanteged roma families social positions through training

Rationale

Text available in

La traduction n'est pas encore disponible.

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Objective

Text available in

La traduction n'est pas encore disponible.

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