Organic farming - Optimising arable yields

Why do yields vary so much between organic farms; how can this yield gap be minimised?


The final report of this Focus Group has been published.

Get all the information at a glance in the Organic Farming factsheet.


Tasks:

  • Identifying yield levels in organic farming, comparing best practices between farmers.
  • Determining the reasons for these differences and making a list of the key findings.
  • Considering how to optimise yields in organic low input arable rotations and narrow the organic arable yield gaps.
  • Mapping causes (disease and weed control, nutrient -in particular nitrogen, phosphate- availability, varieties that are adapted to organic conditions, soil quality).
  • Summarising how to address the limiting factors and identifying remaining research and innovation needs.
  • Distinguishing the productivity of single crops, entire crop rotations (including intercropping) and different farm and sector models (e.g. stockless versus mixed farms). Considering cross-fertilisation with other existing systems: low input farming and TP organics (Technology Platform for organic food and farming research). Addressing the needs regarding genetic resources for organic farming (varieties and breeds that are more adapted to local conditions and to resist diseases). Exploring the potential of making better use of soil microorganisms (incl. rhizobia, mycorrhizae and free-living microbes) for nutrient uptake and disease control.

Results:


Other information:


Focus Group members:

Surname, first name

Profession

Country

Bachinger, Johann

Scientist

Germany

Bellon, Stéphane

Scientist

France

Bertelsen, Inger

Representative from agriculture organization, industry or manufacturing

Denmark

Brito, Miguel

Scientist

Portugal

Chable, Véronique

Scientist

France

Coletta, Monica
Farm advisor

Italy

Grand, Alfred
Other

Austria

Kempkens, Karl

Farm advisor

Germany

Koopmans, Chris
Scientist

Netherlands

Locatelli, Marco
Farmer

Italy

Manici, Luisa

Scientist

Italy

Nezet, Benoit

Farm advisor

France

Riguccini, Nadia

Farmer

Italy

Romanyà, Joan

Scientist

Spain

Sans Serra, F. Xavier
Scientist

Spain

Schmutz, Ulrich

Scientist

Germany

Sevón, Aira

Farmer

Finland

Sukkel, Wijnand
Scientist

Netherlands

Tyburski, Jozef

Scientist

Poland

Wivstad, Maria
Scientist

Sweden

Facilitation team
Micheloni, Cristina
Coordinating expert Italy
Beigel, Sarah
Task manager France

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