- Strategic framework
- Higher education
- Adult education
- Vocational education and training
- Education and migrants
- International cooperation and policy dialogue
In June 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication supporting the prevention of radicalisation leading to violent extremism. The Communication outlines actions in seven specific areas where cooperation at EU level can bring added value, notably in the areas of education, training and youth.
The Communication contributes to the follow-up of the Paris Declaration on Promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination, which in 2015 was adopted by European Education Ministers and Commissioner Navracsics.
The Declaration calls for the mobilisation of the education sector to promote inclusion and fundamental values. It establishes a list of concrete objectives to be pursued at national and local level and defines four overarching priorities for cooperation at EU-level:
The follow-up of the Declaration is a key priority of the cooperation between the Member States supported by the European Commission in the field of education and training (ET2020 strategic framework ) and youth as set out in the ET 2020 Joint Report and the Youth Joint Report.
In May 2016, Commissioner Tibor Navracsics hosted a High-Level Colloquium on Promoting Inclusion and Fundamental Values through Education - a Way to Prevent Violent Radicalisation.
Peer learning and the exchange of good practices are key activities under ET 2020 and cooperation with the youth sector. It is also an important activity in implementing the Paris Declaration. Two dedicated Working Groups have been established for this purpose, comprising the main stakeholders:
To support the implementation of the Paris Declaration, the Erasmus+ programme provides funding for transnational cooperation projects:
In support of the follow-up to the Paris Declaration, evidence-based policy-making is also a key priority and relies on the following actions:
Since 2013, the Commission has been implementing a joint programme with the Council of Europe, "Human Rights and Democracy in Action". The programme aims at collecting and disseminating information on citizenship education and developing practical tools, such as curricula and teaching material to support participating countries in fostering citizenship and human rights education. As of 2016, the programme will be further reinforced to support also the piloting of the Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture launched by the Council of Europe in April 2016.
The focus on social inclusion and citizenship through formal and non-formal learning also entails that special attention is paid to learners from vulnerable groups, including with a migrant background, from a disadvantaged socio-economic background, Roma , LGBTI and learners with special needs.
The Working Group on Promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education has the mandate to prepare a policy framework on promoting inclusion and fundamental values through education, as well as an online compendium of good practices, by June 2018.
The Working Group on Youth will, by the end of 2016, develop a specific toolkit which will provide guidance to youth workers and youth organisations, adaptable to the specific needs of the different Member States. It will provide examples on how to spot and react to early signs of radicalisation and increase democratic resilience of young people, how to help them become media-literate and think critically, and how to resolve conflicts in a non-violent way.
The Commission is also supporting the following actions: