The 27 country reports published today track the progress made by EU Member States towards Europe 2020 targets and the dual goal of growth and jobs.*
Following the recently published PISA 2015 results, which showed a decline in science, reading and maths skills compared to PISA 2012 across the EU as a whole, these reports shine a light on both challenges and strengths of the education systems and how they affect the labour market and the economy of individual Member States.
In education, the Commission analysed the extent to which the skills produced by education systems are in line with labour market needs and how they contribute to competitiveness and innovation potential of the countries. It also focused on measures to reduce the numbers of early school leavers and to increase the share of graduates from tertiary education. In the wake of PISA, there is a particularly strong focus on low educational performance – the frequently widening performance gap between low achievers and the rest, the very clear socio-economic basis for this gap and the particular challenges faced by pupils from a migrant background.
The European Semester is the EU's annual cycle of economic policy coordination. Every year, the Commission undertakes a detailed analysis of EU countries' budgetary, macroeconomic and structural policies as a basis for issuing recommendations on key policy priorities for each country. The recommendations will be published by the Commission in May 2017 and officially adopted by the Council in July 2017.
For more information, see the European Semester page of the European Commission's website.
* There is no Country Report for Greece as it is part of the Economic Adjustment Programme.