A recent study shows that learning and training abroad allows disadvantaged young people to increase their independence, self-confidence, flexibility, as well as reliability and perseverance, while prompting them to act as team players. The trainees in mobility programmes develop international occupational, professional, language and intercultural competences.
Moreover, mobility leads to a higher degree of employability. Employers interviewed for the study named as recruitment criteria the knowledge of foreign languages, reliability, motivation and ability to act as a team player, all of which mobility training is shown to enhance.
In 2011, the National Agency "Education for Europe" at the German Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (NA at BIBB) commissioned a study on the topic of “Cross-border mobility in the case of socially disadvantaged young people during vocational education and training”. The aim was to identify if mobility enhances the acquisition of personal and social competences and if it has an effect on the employability of disadvantaged young people.
In order for the positive results of learning and training abroad to be more intensely exploited, increased human resources shall be channelled to employment agencies and job centres, encouraging them to provide disadvantaged young people with greater support for mobility. A comprehensive follow-up of the learning outcomes containing clearer definition and improved descriptions of the gained competences shall maintain people's motivation. The study also recommends the concept of a 'preparatory company placement abroad', increasing chances of company recognition.