Library of policy measures

Legislative reform and the Athina project

The reforms reduced the autonomy of higher education and the Athina project has had no significant impact
Country: Greece
Type of reform:
Year: 2014, 2015, 2016
Field of action: Higher education, Improving governance and funding

Special incentives for permanent and substitute teachers

The measures take the form of salary premiums to boost staff in remote areas of the country
Country: Greece
Type of reform:
Year: 2016
Field of action: Schools, Teachers/teaching methods

Lowering of average passing grade

The passing grade has been changed to 9.5 out of 20 from 10
Country: Greece
Type of reform:
Year: 2016
Field of action: Schools, Boosting basic skills

Polis - The Austrian Centre for Citizenship Education in Schools

The Austrian Centre for Citizenship Education in Schools (Polis) helps teachers to bring citizenship and human rights education into the classroom, serves as an information platform and advisory centre, develops new materials for the classroom, carries out initial and ongoing teacher education, and organises events for students.
Country: Austria
Type of reform:
Year: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Field of action: Transversal, Citizenship/civic competences, Ensuring young people acquire social, civic and intercultural competences

Sag’s Multi

Sag’s Multi is a joint initiative of the Wirtschaft fuer Integration (Association for Integration) (VWFI) and the NGO Educult in Austria. It is a multilingual national rhetoric competition for school youth from year 7 onwards. The competition is aimed at youth with a migration background. The young people create and present poetry and spoken word in which they use both their mother tongue and German.
Country: Austria
Type of reform:
Year: 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Field of action: Transversal, Citizenship/civic competences, Fostering the education of disadvantaged children and young people

Federal Act on Funding and Coordination of the Swiss Higher Education Sector (HEdA)

Agreement between the Confederation and the cantons on coordination in the higher education sector and implementation of shared objectives as well as the responsibilities, structure and procedures of joint bodies created as required by HEdA.
Country: Switzerland
Type of reform: Legislative
Year: 2015, 2016
Field of action: Higher education, Improving the quality and relevance of higher education, Improving governance and funding

Centres for Excellence in Higher Education (SFU)

The Ministry of Education and Research established “Centres of Excellence in Higher Education” (SFU) in 2010 as a prestige arrangement for educational activities in higher education.
Country: Norway
Type of reform: Policy (other)
Year: 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Field of action: Higher education, Improving the quality and relevance of higher education

Higher Education Structural Reform: Mergers

The main purpose of the reform is to strengthen the quality of higher education and research through an increase in size and robustness. In the future, the higher education sector should consist of strong institutions which have maintained and developed the strengths of today's higher education institutions.
Country: Norway
Type of reform: Policy development
Year: 2015, 2016
Field of action: Higher education, Improving the quality and relevance of higher education

Future Skills Needs Project

In 2013, a project on future skills needs was established by the Ministry of Education and Research to develop a national system for analysis, dialogue and dissemination of information on future skills needs. The system aims to help current and future students, employers and politicians make well informed choices and priorities within the education field.
Country: Norway
Type of reform: Policy (other)
Year: 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Field of action: Higher education, Improving the quality and relevance of higher education

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