Navigation path

Wage and unit labour costs

DG ECFIN undertakes descriptive and analytical work on the contribution of wage and labour cost developments to internal and external macroeconomic balances, as well as research on the interplay between wages and the personal and functional distributions of income.

Although wage-related decisions fall primarily within the domain of social partners, and the EU is not actively engaged in wage policy, it is a matter of fact that wage formation processes are of paramount importance for achieving various policy objectives, both at the euro-area and Member State levels. At the euro-area level, wage developments should be aligned with such macroeconomic requirements as price stability and employment-friendly growth. At the individual country level, nominal and real wage flexibility is key to rebalancing relative competitive positions. This is all the more true for euro-area countries that share a common monetary policy.

LABREF - LABour market REForm database

LABREF provides a comprehensive set of data on the measures adopted by the EU Member States in policy fields likely to have a direct impact on labour market performance. It contains valuable information on the number, type and design of measures, which can easily be compared across countries.

Additional tools

  • Print version 
  • Decrease text 
  • Increase text