Navigation path

Short time working arrangements as response to cyclical fluctuations

European Commission

Short time working arrangements as response to cyclical fluctuationspdf(781 kB) Choose translations of the previous link 

A joint paper, prepared in collaboration by
Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs
Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities


Summary for non-specialistspdf(49 kB) Choose translations of the previous link 

After reviewing the theory of short-time working schemes, this paper reviews and discusses the main characteristics of short-time schemes available in the EU. Empirical evidence shed lights on their importance to minimise wasteful labour shedding during the crisis. While too early to assess their long-term impact, the study highlights the risk that a prolonged use of short-time work supports the demand of declining sectors, eventually delaying their restructuring, especially when the costs of labour reallocation are low and the incentives to restructure high, because the opportunity costs of foregone output is lower in recessions than in booms. By delaying reallocation, short-time work schemes hold back productivity growth and the consequent wage gains.


(European Economy. Occasional Papers. 64. June 2010. Brussels. Internet only. 95pp. Tab. Graph. Ann. Bibliogr. Free.)

KC-AH-10-064-EN-C (online)
ISBN 978-92-79-15077-7 (online)
ISSN 1725-3195
doi:10.2765/53330 (online)