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Debt Sustainability Monitor 2016

Debt Sustainability Monitor 2016

January 2017

The Debt Sustainability Monitor 2016 provides an overview of the challenges to public finance sustainability faced by Member States in the short, medium and long term.

Topics: Public finances; EU Member State economies; Economic indicators

Series: Institutional Papers

 
Pension Reforms in the EU since the Early 2000's: Achievements and Challenges Ahead

Pension Reforms in the EU since the Early 2000's: Achievements and Challenges Ahead

December 2016

This paper looks at the pension reforms carried out by EU Member States since 2000 and the challenges that still lie ahead.

Topics: Public finances; Forecasts; Labour markets; Economic crisis

Series: Discussion Paper

 
House Prices and Indebtedness in Sweden: a Model-based Assessment  of Policy Options

House Prices and Indebtedness in Sweden: a Model-based Assessment of Policy Options

December 2016

An economic modelling of potential policy options for the issue of high house prices and indebtedness in Sweden.

Topics: Public finances; Structural policies, growth and development; EU Member State economies; Financial markets

Series: Economic Briefs

 
Report on Public Finances in EMU 2016

Report on Public Finances in EMU 2016

December 2016

The European Commission’s annual Report on Public Finances in EMU provides an overview of key policy developments and analytical findings which contribute to the Commission’s opinions on the draft budgetary plans of Member States.

Topics: Economic policy coordinationPublic financesEconomic indicators; The euro

Series: Institutional Papers

 
Quarterly Report on the Euro Area (QREA), Vol. 15, No. 3 (2016)

Quarterly Report on the Euro Area (QREA), Vol. 15, No. 3 (2016)

December 2016

In this edition of the QREA, European Commission staff look at the monetary and fiscal policy mix in the euro area and the challenges policymakers face in the current environment. Ways to strengthen the resilience of euro area Member States are also explored and in another chapter, concerns about market liquidity are investigated.

Topics: Economic policy coordination; Monetary policy; Public finances; Structural policies, growth and developmentLabour markets

 
Measuring the Uncertainty in Predicting Public Revenue

Measuring the Uncertainty in Predicting Public Revenue

December 2016

This study looks at the uncertainty surrounding revenue predictions in the European Commission’s forecasts over the last 15 years.

Topics:  Economic policy coordination, Public finances, Forecasts

Series: Discussion Papers

 
Joint Report on Health Care and Long-Term Care Systems & Fiscal Sustainability

Joint Report on Health Care and Long-Term Care Systems & Fiscal Sustainability

October 2016

This report, prepared by the staff of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs and the Economic Policy Committee (Ageing Working Group), presents policy challenges for health care and long term care, and options on how to contain spending pressures through efficiency gains, in order to ensure fiscally sustainable access to good quality services for all.

Topics: Economic policy coordination; Public finances; Structural policies, growth and development; EU Member State economies

 
Cost-Containment Policies in Hospital Expenditure in the European Union

Cost-Containment Policies in Hospital Expenditure in the European Union

September 2016

This paper summarises documented evidence on a number of policies to contain costs in the hospital sector.

Topics: Public financesStructural policies, growth and development
Series: Discussion Papers

 
Post-Programme Surveillance Report. Ireland, Spring 2016

Post-Programme Surveillance Report. Ireland, Spring 2016

September 2016

This report by the European Commission presents the findings of the fifth post-programme surveillance mission to Ireland and identifies remaining challenges for the Irish economy.

Topics: EU member state economies, Public finances, Structural policies, growth and development

Series: Institutional Papers

 
What Makes a Good ʽBad Bankʼ? The Irish, Spanish and German Experience

What Makes a Good ʽBad Bankʼ? The Irish, Spanish and German Experience

September 2016

This paper looks at the ‘bad banks’ set up to deal with non-performing loans in Ireland, Spain and Germany as well as the factors required to make such asset management companies achieve their objectives.

Topics: Public financesEU Member State economies; Financial marketsEconomic crisis

Series: Discussion Papers

 
The 2016 Stability and Convergence Programmes: An Overview and Implications for the Euro Area Fiscal Stance

The 2016 Stability and Convergence Programmes: An Overview and Implications for the Euro Area Fiscal Stance

September 2016

This report provides an overview of the Stability and Convergence Programmes of Member States and analyses their implications for the overall fiscal stance of the euro area.

Topics: Economic policy coordination; Public finances
Series: Institutional Papers

 
Fiscal Policy after the Crisis – Workshop Proceedings

Fiscal Policy after the Crisis – Workshop Proceedings

July 2016

This paper presents the proceedings of the annual Public Finance Workshop organised by the Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs in Brussels on 19 January 2016.

Topics: Public financesEU Member State economiesEconomic crisis

Series: Discussion Papers

 
An Economic Take on the Refugee Crisis - A Macroeconomic Assessment for the EU

An Economic Take on the Refugee Crisis - A Macroeconomic Assessment for the EU

July 2016

This report focuses on asylum seekers and refugees, presenting a first assessment of the impacts of the unexpected inflows of these individuals on the economies of the EU.

Topics: Economic policy coordination; Public finances; Structural policies, growth and development; EU Member State economies; Economic indicators; Labour markets

Series:

 
The French VAT System and Revenue Efficiency

The French VAT System and Revenue Efficiency

July 2016

This paper looks at the use of reduced VAT rates in France and its implications for revenue efficiency.

Topics: Public finances ; EU member states economies

Series: Economic Briefs

 
Replacing Judgment by Statistics: Constructing Consumer Confidence Indicators on the Basis of Data-driven Techniques

Replacing Judgment by Statistics: Constructing Consumer Confidence Indicators on the Basis of Data-driven Techniques

July 2016

This paper compares the performance of the European Commission's Consumer Confidence Indicator with alternatives based on broader sets of data and more complex statistical methods.

Topics: Forecasts ; Economic indicators

Series: Discussion Papers

 
State-Owned Enterprises in the EU: Lessons Learnt and Ways Forward in a Post-Crisis Context

State-Owned Enterprises in the EU: Lessons Learnt and Ways Forward in a Post-Crisis Context

July 2016

A look at state-owned enterprises in the EU; their importance, financial performance, implications for public finances, and potential for reform.

Topics: Public finances ; Structural policies, growth and development ; Product markets

Series: Institutional Papers

 
Fiscal Consolidation in Ireland: Recent Successes and Remaining Challenges

Fiscal Consolidation in Ireland: Recent Successes and Remaining Challenges

May 2016

A look at the success of Ireland’s recent fiscal consolidation efforts and remaining fiscal policy challenges.

Topics: Economic policy coordination, Public finances, EU Member States economies

Series: Economic Briefs

 
Fiscal Reaction Functions for European Union Countries

Fiscal Reaction Functions for European Union Countries

April 2016

This paper looks at how EU Member States adapt their fiscal policies to respond to the challenges of high levels of public debt and weak macro-financial conditions.

Topics: Public finances; EU Member State economies; Economic crisis

Series: Discussion Paper

 
Expenditure-based Consolidation: Experiences and Outcomes – Workshop proceedings

Expenditure-based Consolidation: Experiences and Outcomes – Workshop proceedings

March 2016

Proceedings of a workshop about the experiences of Member States with expenditure-based fiscal consolidation, organised by the European Commission’s Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs in Brussels on 20 January 2015.

Topics: Public finances

Series: Discussion Paper

 
Political Economy of Tax Reforms – Workshop proceedings

Political Economy of Tax Reforms – Workshop proceedings

March 2016

Proceedings of a workshop on the political economy of tax reforms, hosted by the European Commission’s Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs in Brussels on 19 October 2015.

Topics: Public finances, EU Member State economies

Series: Discussion Paper

 
Post-Programme Surveillance Report - Ireland, Autumn 2015

Post-Programme Surveillance Report - Ireland, Autumn 2015

January 2016

This report by the European Commission presents the findings of the fourth post-programme surveillance mission to Ireland and identifies remaining challenges for the Irish economy.

Topics: EU Member State economies ; Public finances ; Structural policies, growth and development

Series: Institutional Papers

 
Report on Public Finances in EMU 2015

Report on Public Finances in EMU 2015

December 2015

The European Commission’s annual Report on Public Finances in the EMU provides an overview of key policy developments and analytical findings  in this area. The report describes recent development with deficits and debt, underlining  the need to achieve a balance between short-term stability  and long-term sustainability of public finances. The focus  this year  is the challenge that low-inflation poses to fiscal policy.

Topics: Economic policy coordination ; Public finances ; The euro

Categories: Institutional Papers

 
The Impact of Rapid Credit Growth on Slovakia’s Housing Market

The Impact of Rapid Credit Growth on Slovakia’s Housing Market

December 2015

This paper looks at the macroeconomic impact of the growth in lending for home purchases in Slovakia and suggests policies that could make the housing market more resilient.

Topics: Structural policies, growth and development, EU Member State economies, Public finances, Financial markets

Series: Economic Briefs

 
The Maghreb: Macroeconomic Performance, Reform Challenges and Integration with the EU

The Maghreb: Macroeconomic Performance, Reform Challenges and Integration with the EU

December 2015

A look at the economic situation in Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia four years after the Arab Spring and the relationship of these countries with the EU.

Topics: International economics and non-EU economies; Structural policies, growth and development; Public finances

Series: Economic Briefs

 
Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks in the EU Member States

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks in the EU Member States

December 2015

This study discusses various features characterising the Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks applied in the EU Member States.

Topics: Public finances

Series: Discussion Paper

 
An assessment of the relative quality of the Output Gap estimates produced by the EU's Production Function Methodology

An assessment of the relative quality of the Output Gap estimates produced by the EU's Production Function Methodology

December 2015

This paper assesses the performance of the EU’s production function methodology for estimating output gaps.

Topics: Public finances ; Economic policy coordination ; Structural policies, growth and development

Series: Discussion Paper

 
Cross-border flows operated through the EU budget: an overview

Cross-border flows operated through the EU budget: an overview

December 2015

This paper provides an overview of revenues, expenditures and cross-border fiscal flows operated through the EU budget.

Topics: Public finances ; International economics and non-EU economies ; The euro

Series: Discussion Paper

 
Using financial variables to estimate the Irish output gap: do they make a difference?

Using financial variables to estimate the Irish output gap: do they make a difference?

December 2015

Standard potential output estimates during Ireland’s housing boom failed to detect the build-up of imbalances and risks to the country’s public finances. This paper looks at an alternative methodology, including financial variables such as property prices and bank credit, which would have supported a more cautious assessment at the time.

Topics: Public finances ; EU Member State economies ; Financial markets

Series: Economic Briefs

 
Tax Revenue Elasticities Corrected for Policy Changes in the EU

Tax Revenue Elasticities Corrected for Policy Changes in the EU

November 2015

This paper investigates how tax revenue elasticities develop with respect to their tax base and analyses the specific impact of the business cycle.

Topics: Public finances

Series: Discussion Paper

 
Wage dynamics in Croatia: leaders and followers

Wage dynamics in Croatia: leaders and followers

October 2015

Author(s): Kristian Orsini, Vukašin Ostojić

This paper analyses wage dynamics in Croatia’s economy and finds evidence that rising wages in the fast-growing public education and health sectors may be setting the pace.

Topics: Public finances ; Labour markets ; Economic crisis

Series: Economic Briefs

 
The Economic Adjustment Programme for Cyprus – 7th Review Summer 2015

The Economic Adjustment Programme for Cyprus – 7th Review Summer 2015

October 2015

This report assesses Cyprus’ compliance with the terms and conditions of its economic adjustment programme.

Topics: Structural policies, growth and development ; Financial assistance programmes ; EU Member State economies ; Public finances ; Economic crisis

Series: Institutional Papers

 
Tax reforms in EU Member States 2015 – Tax policy challenges for economic growth and fiscal sustainability

Tax reforms in EU Member States 2015 – Tax policy challenges for economic growth and fiscal sustainability

September 2015

Author(s): Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs (ECFIN) and Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union (TAXUD), European Commission

This annual report, prepared by the European Commission’s Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs and the Directorate General for Taxation and Customs Union, aims to make a contribution to discussions on tax policy in the EU through an analysis of tax policy challenges and recent reforms in the EU Member States.

Topics: Public finances; Economic policy coordination; Structural policies, growth and development

Series: Institutional Papers

 
The Legacy Debt and the Joint Path of Public Deficit and Debt in the Euro Area

The Legacy Debt and the Joint Path of Public Deficit and Debt in the Euro Area

September 2015

Author(s): Alberto Caruso, Lucrezia Reichlin, Giovanni Ricco

The joint dynamics of public debt and public deficit levels in the euro area between 1981 and 2013 are examined by Alberto Caruso (Université Libre de Bruxelles), Lucrezia Reichlin (London Business School and CEPR) and Giovanni Ricco (University of Warwick) who also compute projections up until 2020. This Discussion Paper was prepared under DG ECFIN’s 2014-2015 Fellowship Initiative “Growth, integration and structural convergence revisited”.

Topics: EU Member State economies, Economic indicators, Public finances

Series: Discussion Papers

 
Taxing Wealth: Past, Present, Future - Workshop Proceedings

Taxing Wealth: Past, Present, Future - Workshop Proceedings

July 2015

Author(s): Edited by Caterina Astarita

With rising inequalities and during a time of fiscal consolidation, the debate on wealth taxation is gaining momentum both in academic and in policy debates. A workshop was organised on the topic by the European Commission in November 2014. Participants included members of academia, national authorities and international organisations. The purpose of the workshop was to look at the challenges of wealth taxation in the EU. In this publication you will find a summary of the discussions during this workshop.

Topics: Public finances

Series: Discussion Papers

 
The Economic Adjustment Programme. Cyprus, 6th Review – Spring 2015

The Economic Adjustment Programme. Cyprus, 6th Review – Spring 2015

July 2015

This report, the sixth of its type, assesses compliance with the terms and conditions set out in the Economic Adjustment Programme for Cyprus, as agreed between the Cypriot authorities and the EC, the ECB and the IMF in 2013.

Topics: Structural policies, growth and development; Financial assistance programmes; EU Member State economies; Public finances; Economic crisis

Series: Institutional Papers

 
Post-Programme Surveillance Report. Ireland, Spring 2015

Post-Programme Surveillance Report. Ireland, Spring 2015

July 2015

European Commission officials, in liaison with the ECB, visited Ireland between April and May 2015 for the third review of Ireland's economic situation. This report looks at the progress that has been made in Ireland since the conclusion of the country’s EU Financial Assistance Programme in 2013. It summarises the main findings of the Third EU Post-Programme Review of Ireland’s Economic Situation and outlines the remaining challenges confronting Ireland.

Topics: Financial assistance programmes; Structural policies, growth and development; Public finances

 
The 2015 Stability and Convergence Programmes: an overview

The 2015 Stability and Convergence Programmes: an overview

July 2015

This report provides an overview of the Stability Programmes and Convergence Programmes presented by Member States in 2015.

Topics: Economic policy coordination; Public finances

Series: Institutional Papers

 

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