The difference between a public contract and a grant
Procurement covers public contracts which the Commission concludes with economic operators to obtain a service or product in return for payment. The operators are selected via calls for tender.
In the case of a grant, the Commission will financially support an action of an external organisation by means of a subsidy because the activities of that organisation contribute to the EU’s policy aims. The beneficiaries of grants are selected via calls for proposals.
A range of studies and evaluations are carried out for ECFIN by external contractors. A number of contracts also need to be concluded to ensure the supply of statistics for DG ECFIN's databases.
In order to obtain these services, ECFIN selects external contractors through calls for tender.