The pilot phase of the EU-EIB Project Bond Initiative was established by Regulation No. 670/2012, published in the Official Journal L 204/1 of 31/07/2012. The Initiative aims to revive and expand capital markets to finance large European infrastructure projects in the fields of transport, energy and information technology.
The scope of this pilot phase is to test the project bond concept at the end of the multi-annual financial framework 2007-2013. The pilot phase of the Initiative started its operations in 2012 and is being implemented by the European Investment Bank (EIB). The cooperation agreement between the Commission and the EIB was signed on 7 November 2012. The objectives of the pilot phase of the Initiative are two-fold:
The aim is to attract institutional investors to the capital market financing of projects with stable and predictable cash flow generation potential by enhancing the credit quality of project bonds issued by private companies. The intention is to support capital market financing of projects as a form of finance to complement loans, not to replace other sources of financing, such as grants, nor to intervene in stages prior to financing, such as feasibility studies, assessments or procurement, where grants are also widely used.
Commercially viable infrastructure projects in the EU, which are eligible for funding under the TEN-T or TEN-E policies or under the CIP-Decision on broadband, can benefit from the initiative.
Projects currently supported
Pipeline: Projects approved by the EIB Board with PBCE option
For reasons of confidentiality specific details of projects in the pipeline may not be disclosed. Full details will be published when contracts have been finalised and signed by all parties.
The following table lists projects that have been approved by the EIB Board of Directors with the PBCE option. Approval by the Board of Directors translates into the issue of a PBCE instrument only with the signature of a finance contract. Please see the EIB website for more information on the project approval cycle.
Pipeline: Approved projects with PBCE option (in EUR million, up to)
|TEN-T||Motorway N25 New Ross Bypass||Ireland||50|
|TEN-T||Motorway A45 Lyon – Saint- Etienne||France||150|
Next financial close is expected by the end of 2014
The external ad-hoc audit of the PBI Pilot Phase was carried out in the context of the Commission reporting exercise to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of the pilot phase. The evaluation was concluded in June 2014.
The main goal of the ad-hoc audit report was to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of the PBI Pilot in opening up debt capital markets to infrastructure projects, with a view to formulate recommendations as to the future of the instrument within the 2014-2020 MFF period, in particular in respect of the full deployment of the Project Bonds instrument under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), including the scope and budget.
The ad-hoc audit was based on desk research, interviews and analysis of a number of recent infrastructure transactions, with a particular focus on projects financed by bond issues. The final report provides the main findings and recommendations with regard to lessons learnt from the PBI Pilot and presents arguments on how to optimise the implementation of the main phase of the PBI. Overall the report considers the progress of the PBI Pilot implementation to be satisfactory while proposing adjustments to be reflected in the CEF Debt Instrument.
Please note: These external publications have been posted with the permission of the publishing organisations for general information purposes. The opinions expressed therein are solely those of the publishing organisation, the author or the consulted parties as specified. Please consult the websites of the organisations for updates, copyrights and disclaimers.
The aim of the Europe 2020 Project Bond Initiative is to enhance the credit standing of private entities that need to raise private funds for the infrastructure projects they promote. This is fundamentally different from the idea of the so-called "Eurobonds" or "Stability Bonds", i.e. the joint issuance of bonds to provide general funding for Member States' government funding needs. In contrast, neither the Commission nor the Member States will issue bonds under the Europe 2020 Project Bond Initiative.