Malta joined the European Union in 2004 and adopted the euro on 1 January 2008.
Surface area: 320 km2
Population: 412 614 (Eurostat 2009)
Joined the European Union: 1 May 2004
Currency: Euro since 1 January 2008 (formerly Maltese lira, MTL)
Status: Euro-area member since 1 January 2008.
Fixed conversion rate: €1= 0.429300 MTL
Adoption of the euro: Malta chose a 'big bang' scenario, with cash entering use on the same day that the euro officially became the country’s new currency (1 January 2008), and a dual circulation period running until 31 January 2008 during which payments could be made using both Maltese lira notes and coins as well as the euro.
Exchange of former national currency:
Dual display of prices: Display of prices in both euro and Maltese lira is mandatory until 30 June 2008.
Euro helpline 'Linja ewro': 154
EU official documents