Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004 and adopted the euro on 1 January 2008.
Surface area: 9 250 km2
Population: 801 622 (Eurostat 2009)
Joined the European Union: 1 May 2004
Currency: Euro since 1 January 2008 (formerly Cyprus pound, CYP)
Status: Euro-area member since 1 January 2008
Fixed conversion rate: €1 = 0.585274 CYP
Adoption of the euro: Cyprus chose a 'big bang' scenario, with cash entering use on the same day that the euro officially became the country’s new currency (1 January 2008), and a dual circulation period running until 31 January 2008 during which payments could be made using both Cyprus pound notes and coins as well as the euro.
Exchange of former national currency:
Dual display of prices: Display of prices in both euro and Cyprus pounds is mandatory from 1 September 2007 until 30 September 2008.
Euro toll-free line: 8000 2008
EU official documents