The coin features five human silhouettes symbolising the different cultures of the five regions of the European continent, together with the sacred texts of their different religious communities. The European Year of Intercultural Dialogue celebrates Europe's great cultural diversity and aims to encourage mutual learning among different cultural traditions and heritages.
Issuing volume: 130 000 coins
Official Journal: C089 10.04.2008, p.11
The coin features an effigy of Primož Trubar (1508-1586), the Slovenian protestant reformer who was the founder of the Protestant Church of the Slovene Lands and the author of the first printed book in the Slovene language. Primož Trubar also features on the national side of the Slovenian 1-euro coin.
Issuing volume: 1 million coins
Official Journal: C125 22.05.2008, p.9
The inner part of the coin shows the Portuguese coat of arms at the top, above the name of the issuing country (‘PORTUGAL’), the year mark ‘2008’ and a geometric design in the bottom half of the centre. The legend ‘60 ANOS DA DECLARAÇÃO UNIVERSAL DOS DIREITOS HUMANOS’ runs along the edge of the bottom two thirds of the inner ring and is followed by the inscription ‘Esc. J. Duarte INCM’ in very small characters.
Issuing volume: 1 035 000 coins
Official Journal: C165 28.06.2008, p.6
The inner part of the coin features the following inscription: ‘2008 PRÉSIDENCE FRANÇAISE UNION EUROPÉENNE RF’. The currency mark and the mintmaster's mark are located below, to the left and the right respectively.
Issuing volume: 20 million coins
Official Journal: C165 26.08.2008, p.5
Vatican CityThe inner part of the coin depicts the conversion of Saint Paul on the road to Damascus (the city is visible in the background); the saint, dazzled by a light from the sky, falls from his rearing horse. Two inscriptions are engraved around the portrait: on the left hand side, an inscription denoting the issuing country ‘CITTÀ DEL VATICANO’; on the right hand side, the legend ‘ANNO SANCTO PAULO DICATO’. The year ‘2008’ is inscribed to the right of the portrait, as well as the mintmark ‘R’ and the artist's name ‘VEROI’. Beneath the portrait are the initials of the engraver Luciana De Simoni,
The coin depicts a man and a woman along with an olive branch, an ear of corn, a cogwheel and a length of barbed wire, representing the right to peace, food, work and freedom respectively, along with the links of a chain broken forming the figure ‘60o’. In the centre of the coin are the initials of the issuing country ‘RI’ – 'Republicca Italiana' – and at the bottom is a cartouche with the words 'Diritti Umani' – 'Human Rights.
Issuing volume: 5 million coins
Official Journal: C089 10.04.2008, p.10
The national side of the coin features the baroque church of St. Michael in Hamburg, accompanied by the name of the federal state. This coin is the third in the series dedicated to the German federal states ('Bundesländer'), launched in 2006. Coins are issued in the same sequence as the annual rotation of the presidency in the 'Bundesrat' (upper house of parliament), in which the sixteen federal states are represented.
Issuing volume: 30 million coins
Official Journal: C013 18.01.2008, p.2
The coin commemorates the 60-year anniversary of the adoption, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights – the first universal statement on the basic principles of inalienable human rights. It reproduces the United Nations logo for the anniversary campaign, which depicts a human shape standing with outstretched arms. The icon represents liberation and equality and is set on a solid rectangle, a symbol of the foundation stone of human rights, bearing the figure ‘60’. The name of the country in its three official languages is inscribed in a semi-circle below the logo: ‘BELGIË – BELGIQUE – BELGIEN’.
Issuing volume: 5 million coins
Official Journal: C125 22.05.2008, p.8
The coin shows the effigy of Grand-Duke Henri in the foreground, flanked by an image of his official residence, ‘Château de Berg’. The castle dates back to the 14th century. It has been serving as the private residence of the grand-ducal family since 1911.
Issuing volume: 1.3 million coins
Official Journal: C021 26.01.2008, p.15
The inner part of the coin shows a human figure seen through a heart-shaped hole in a stone wall. The text ‘HUMAN RIGHTS’ is inscribed under the heart. The year mark ‘2008’ is engraved above the heart. The indication of the issuing country ‘FI’, the letter ‘K’ (initial of the artist Tapio Kettunen) and the mintmark appear at the bottom of the design.
Issuing volume: 1.5 million coins
Official Journal: C246 27.09.2008, p.9