Labour taxes, social contributions and benefits have an important impact on incentives to work and to hire.
By increasing the gap between the gross and the net wage and increasing the cost of labour, personal income taxes and social security contributions reduce incentives for people to take up work or to work longer hours, and for firms to hire new staff or grant salary increases. At the same time, an increase in earnings can lead to a reduction in benefits, offsetting the gains from taking up work.
DG ECFIN uses the database to examine the likely impacts of tax policies on economic growth and employment and in reports such as the annual ‘Tax Reforms in EU Member States,’ which scrutinises reform trends and provides in-depth analysis of challenges and possible solutions in key area of tax policy.
This database contains a variety of indicators that measure relevant elements of these effects:
The database covers all EU Member States with annual data going back to the year 2001.
Learn more about the indicators and the methodology used.