LABREF provides a comprehensive set of data on the measures adopted by the EU Member States in policy fields likely to have a direct impact on labour market performance. It contains valuable information on the number, type and design of measures, which can easily be compared across countries.
The measures reported in LABREF refer to enacted legislation, as well as other public acts of general scope, including measures entailing changes in the implementation framework of a previously adopted measure. In addition, they also encompass relevant collective agreements and tripartite agreements. The database does not record information on planned reforms or draft bills.
The LABREF database is a joint project managed by the European Commission DG ECFIN and the Economic Policy Committee (EPC). The aim of the project, started in December 2005, is to support the work carried out in the framework of the Europe 2020 Strategy and to improve the understanding of labour market institutions as part of the general economic policy surveillance of Member States.
The database allows for cross-country analysis on the pace and type of measures enacted in a particular year, as well as for tracking measures over time, thus providing a consistent and policy-relevant picture of different reform strategies being pursued by Member States and of the existing interactions between various labour market institutions.
LABREF covers the 28 EU Member States and the years 2000-2013 (from 2003 for Bulgaria and Romania, and from 2012 for Croatia). The year 2014 is currently in the process of being updated.
Graph 1: Average number of labour market measures by policy domain, EU28
Graph 2: Average number of labour market measures by domain
Graph 3: Number and composition of labour market measures by domain, EU28
Note: Information for Romania and Bulgaria starts in 2003, while information for Croatia starts in 2012
Papers and publications - suggested citation
When quoting, please include the link to LABREF and the following reference:
"LABREF database, DG ECFIN, European Commission"
We are pleased to establish links to published and unpublished works that make use of the LABREF database. To avail you of this facility please send your work with the relevant references via the ECFIN-LABREF mailbox.
For any comments on the website, please take contact via the general mailbox of the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs.