What are the needs?
Sudan remains a humanitarian and development challenge. The problems are chronic and those addressing them are few, largely due to the expulsions of many non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in 2009. Malnutrition rates are beyond emergency levels in many regions and disease outbreaks are common. The number of refugees and internally displaced persons remain high, while access to food for the most vulnerable population is an ongoing concern.
Over 6.6 million people are reliant on some form of humanitarian assistance in Sudan. In Darfur, after more than ten years of conflict, 3.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. These include some 2.4 million internally displaced persons. Intensified fighting has displaced nearly 400 000 people in Darfur in 2014.
The humanitarian needs remain huge and are a priority for the humanitarian community, however the situation remains volatile and international humanitarian organisations face harsh difficulties in accessing some areas and delivering aid.
Lack of access to the population in need is a major obstacle. Most of ECHO's partners operating in the eastern states of the country were closed down by the authorities, leaving very limited humanitarian coverage and response capacity.
Since conflict broke out in South Sudan, over 120 000 South Sudanese refugees have sought refuge in southern states of Sudan. Following the independence of South Sudan, an estimated 350 000 South Sudanese have remained in Sudan, living in very precarious conditions. More than 30 000 South Sudanese are still stranded in open areas in and around Khartoum.
Meanwhile, due to conflict in both Blue Nile and South Kordofan, about 250 000 Sudanese refugees have sought haven in South Sudan and Ethiopia.
Sources: UNOCHA; UNHCR; ECHO.
How are we helping?
The European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) is providing support in several sectors including health and nutrition, water and sanitation, food security and livelihoods, as well as catering for the needs of the conflict-affected people. ECHO mainly focuses on Darfur given the prevailing needs and the access conditions but also funds interventions in other areas of Sudan.
Emergency preparedness and response in the sectors of food assistance and livelihoods, access to health, provision of clean water and sanitation, shelter and non-food items for conflict affected populations are priority actions for the European Commission.