Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection

Service tools

South Sudan

What are the needs?

ECHO Factsheet

South Sudan has been plagued by continuous crises which have generated huge humanitarian needs. Most South Sudanese struggle to meet their basic necessities. Food insecurity affects half of the population and high levels of acute malnutrion persist in many parts of the country. The world’s newest country is also prone to disease outbreaks.

The armed conflict since December 2013 has left thousands dead and close to 2 million uprooted from their homes. Fleeing to safety from the areas of armed violence, people abandon their livelihoods and become extremely vulnerable. South Sudan also hosts refugees from neighbouring Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia and the Central African Republic (CAR).

The main humanitarian needs include food, clean water, health care, sanitation, shelter and protection.

How are we helping?

The European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) supports life-saving activities in South Sudan as well as helping the South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries. Aid includes assistance for internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and other most vulnerable populations providing them with food assistance and nutrition, basic healthcare, access to clean water, sanitation, shelter and protection. The working environment for the provision of aid in South Sudan is extremely difficult: humanitarian access is uncertain, hardly any infrastructure exists and security is very volatile.

ECHO humanitarian experts are permanently based in the country. They work closely with partner relief organisations, monitor the situation and ensure the efficient use of EU funds. Humanitarian partners of ECHO in South Sudan include UN agencies, as well as non-governmental and international organisations.