What are the needs?
Senegal is one of the most stable democracies in Africa. Yet, despite efforts to boost the economy and provide basic social services, poverty and unemployment remain high. Income drops in areas, like Louga, Tambacounda, and Matam, have eroded the resilience of entire families causing over 2 million people to suffer from food insecurity (source PREGEC). The Senegalese population is also affected by climate-related hazards such as droughts and floods. This and soaring food prices have accentuated people's vulnerability.
More than 400 000 children under five will be exposed to under-nutrition in 2016, according to the UN, but the prevalence of global acute under-nutrition is expected to decrease compared to previous years. Low access to basic services such as health care is increasing the risk of diseases (cholera, malaria and others). The reinforcement of health structures thus remains a priority for the local authorities.
How are we helping?
The European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) is funding the provision of food assistance and nutrition care to some of the most vulnerable Senegalese. This includes the supply of easy-to-use therapeutic foods.
The European Commission's humanitarian partners are providing support to health centres for the treatment of severely undernourished children in Diourbel, Tambacounda and Matam, close to the Mauritanian border. The Commission also funds food assistance in the form of in-kind donations and cash transfers to vulnerable families in high-risk areas.
The humanitarian funding allocated to Senegal in 2015 amounted to €10.5 million.
In Senegal and other countries of the Sahel, the Commission promotes the 'household economy approach'. By allowing for an understansing of how families make ends meet, this approach ensures better planning and more effective humanitarian interventions targeting the poorest segments of the population.