What are the needs?
Mali is affected by a complex humanitarian emergency caused by violence, food insecurity, malnutrition and epidemic risk which is impacting the lives of hundreds of thousands of displaced people, returnees and refugees. The security situation remains volatile and humanitarian needs are still high. 3.7 million people still depend on international humanitarian assistance.
These conditions are not favourable for a safe and durable return to their homes of refugees and internally displaced people in large parts of the north regions. Access to basic social services such as health care, nutrition, water and education remains a major concern.
The quick succession of food crises has significantly eroded the resilience of the poorest families who have limited access to basic social services. Acute malnutrition levels exceed emergency thresholds in certain areas of the country, while food insecurity looms for the poorest and most vulnerable families, especially in the north. According to the UN, it is estimated that over 142 000 children are expected to suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition in 2017.
How are we helping?
The EU’s early and substantial humanitarian response to both the food crisis and to the consequences of the conflict has helped guarantee access to basic health and nutrition services, clean water, shelter, food and protection for some of the most vulnerable Malians, including refugees and displaced people.
EU humanitarian funding has allowed the European Commission's partner organisations to reinforce health structures and ensure basic health and nutrition care to over 990 000 people. Humanitarian partners were also quick to respond to outbreaks of cholera and measles.
To improve humanitarian access, the European Commission’s humanitarian air service – ECHO flight – has expanded its routes to the north of the country since January 2014. This has facilitated the movement of humanitarian workers and provisions in the most hard-to-reach areas. The European Commission also supports financially the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS).
Since 2012, the European Commission has made a significant yearly contribution to the treatment of severe acute malnutrition throughout the country. This has helped to drastically increase – almost doubling – the number of children receiving life-saving treatment.