European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

Service tools


In Djibouti, temperatures are perennially high, rainfall is rare, and the earth is covered with volcanic rock. © European Union/ECHO/Martin Karimi

What are the needs?

The Republic of Djibouti is a hazard-prone, low-income country with more than 70% of its rural population severely food insecure due to the prolonged impact of structural deficiencies and successive droughts.

Severe water shortages as a result of poor and erratic rainy seasons continue to exacerbate food insecurity. Over the last years, livestock keepers have lost large parts of their herds. The loss of livelihoods in the rural areas has contributed to increase rural to urban migrations.

Djibouti continues to experience high food prices especially in urban and peri-urban areas, where levels of unemployment remain high. Poor urban households of Djibouti City rely on food aid distribution and kinship to meet their food needs. Malnutrition rates among children have increased despite the continued humanitarian assistance.

The country is now home to more than 20 000 refugees from Somalia and Eritrea, who are in need of basic shelter, clean water and protection.  As a result of the crisis in neighbouring Yemen, more refugees have started arriving in Djibouti since March 2015, placing further strain on the country’s limited natural resources and services.

How are we helping?

The European Commission is providing life-saving assistance to the refugees living mainly in two remote camps (Ali Addeh and Hol Hol), but also in urban areas. The refugee population, seeking refuge in Djibouti is in need of shelter, water, protection, and a more permanent resolve to their situation. The Commission is also providing assistance to the host communities where refugee camps are located, with a focus on life-saving services.

Djibouti is also one of the countries in the Horn of Africa that is benefitting from the Supporting Horn of Africa Resilience (SHARE) initiative which aims to equip the communities with skills and knowledge to better respond to recurrent droughts and enhance people's resilience. SHARE is implemented together with the EU Delegation to Djibouti.

Last updated 18/04/2016