Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection

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In Djibouti, temperatures are perennially high, rainfall is rare, and the earth is covered with indignant volcanic rock. Photo credit: EU/ECHO/Martin Karimi

What are the needs?

The Republic of Djibouti is a hazard-prone, low-income country with more than 70% of its rural population severely food insecure due to the prolonged impact of structural deficiencies and successive droughts.

Severe water shortages as a result of poor and erratic rainy seasons continue to exacerbate food insecurity in Djibouti. Over the last years, livestock keepers have lost large parts of their herds. The loss of livelihoods in the rural areas has contributed to increase rural to urban migrations.

Djibouti continues to experience high food prices especially in urban and peri-urban areas, where levels of unemployment remain high. Poor urban households of Djibouti City rely on food aid distribution and kinship to meet their food needs. Malnutrition rates among children have increased despite the continued humanitarian assistance.

As a result of the instability in south-central Somalia more refugees have arrived in Djibouti. The country is now home to more than 20 000 refugees, mostly of Somali origin. Djibouti is also hosting a growing population of Eritrean refugees.

How are we helping?

The European Commission is providing life-saving assistance to the refugees living mainly in two remote camps (Ali Addeh and Hol Hol), but also in urban areas. The refugee population, seeking refuge in Djibouti is in need of shelter, water, protection, and a more permanent resolve to their situation. The Commission is also providing assistance to the host communities where refugee camps are located, with a focus on life-saving services.

Djibouti is also one of the countries in the Horn of Africa that is benefitting from the Supporting Horn of Africa Resilience (SHARE) initiative which aims to equip the communities with skills and knowledge to better respond to recurrent droughts and enhance people's resilience. SHARE is implemented together with the EU Delegation to Djibouti.

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