What are the needs?
Chad remains a complex emergency at the crossroads of several crises. Its 11.5 million inhabitants are desperately poor with an average life expectancy of just 50 years. Maternal and infant mortality are among the very highest in the world. Chad is also home to nearly half a million refugees and returnees who fled conflict in Libya, Darfur, Nigeria and Central African Republic and to thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs).
The year of 2012 was marked by a severe nutrition crisis, epidemics and some of the worst flooding since the 1980s. Poor harvests in late 2013 have led to a food deficit and the early onset of the 2014 ‘lean season’, the period between harvests when food becomes scarce.
Food prices remain high while people’s resilience is considerably weakened as a result of the recurrent crises, displacement and weak or non-existent social services. 2.4 million people were at risk of food insecurity in 2014 and 136 000 children were expected to suffer from severe malnutrition.
How are we helping?
EU support has enabled the scale-up of nutrition care and increased efforts to provide food assistance to the most vulnerable populations. Some 120 000 children who suffered from severe acute malnutrition received treatment in 2013 through EU funding, handled by the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO).
In early 2014, the EU funded the delivery of emergency food assistance in the form of cash grants to 156 000 people facing a hunger gap of 8 months until the next harvest. ECHO support for refugees and for the return and integration of internally displaced people is being maintained. Within the EU Children of Peace initiative, funds have been dedicated to the education of 9 000 children from refugee and returnee families in the region bordering Sudan.
Additional efforts to provide food assistance to landlocked Chad and vigilance with regard to epidemics will be required in 2015.