What are the needs?
Decades of political instability and natural disasters in the Central African Republic (CAR) have contributed to the destruction of the national economy, lack of development and the weakening of state institutions. Since March 2013, inter-communal violence has escalated with successive regime changes leading to widespread human rights violations and killings as well as massive population displacement, destruction of property and loss of livelihood. More than half of the population – 2.7 million people – are in need of aid and around 20% are displaced within or outside of the country.
Nutritional surveillance and treatment integrated into health services is a priority in a country where some 1.5 million people are food insecure. Other priority needs include food, health care, water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter and basic household items. The protection of civilians also raises major concerns. The lack of access due to general insecurity makes the relief efforts particularly challenging.
How are we helping?
The European Union as a whole – Commission and Member States – is the largest donor of life-saving assistance to CAR. As such, the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) has contributed financial and human resources for affected populations both within CAR and refugees who fled to neighbouring countries. It has also organised airlifts to transport relief supplies and aid workers to and from the country.
The European Commission is supporting projects covering protection, access to health care, food and nutrition assistance, distribution of clean water, sanitation services, logistics and humanitarian coordination. Refugees who settled in CAR in the last years are also being assisted.
EU humanitarian funds are also helping improve the emergency response capacities of UN agencies and NGOs, from rapid deployments and needs assessments to timely responses.