European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

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Palestine

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What are the needs?

The occupation in the West Bank and the blockade of Gaza has provoked a long-lasting protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, especially in terms of access to health, water, education and livelihood opportunities. All of which in turn is increasing economic and social despair among Palestinians.

The Gaza blockade is now entering its tenth year. It continues to affect the lives and livelihoods of all Gazans. There is a continuous undoing of economic development and increased vulnerability of the population. Nearly 80% of Gaza’s 1.8 million population receives some form of international aid, the bulk of which is food assistance. In the summer of 2014, hostilities resulted in the largest displacement recorded in Gaza since 1967. Since the hostilities, there has been little progress in the reconstruction of the total destruction of homes, prolonging the suffering of internally displaced persons (IDPs).

In the West Bank, the Palestinian population in need in Area C and East Jerusalem (approximately 500,000 people) are subject to economic deprivation with limited access to basic services (water, food, health, education) due to a multi-layered system of restrictions and obstacles.

How are we helping?

Since 2000, EU Humanitarian Aid has provided more than €700 million in humanitarian aid to help meet the basic needs of the Palestinian population in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

The humanitarian aid budget is geared towards the delivery of assistance in an increasingly complex and volatile environment where respect for International Humanitarian Law and the need for protection assistance are primary considerations in all actions.

In the Gaza Strip, €13.5 million has been allocated to humanitarian programmes designed to address vulnerabilities and worsening living conditions of the populations affected by the blockade, and to build resilience. This is done mostly through shelter assistance, health, water and sanitation, food security, disaster preparedness and protection activities.

In 2017, €0.8 million has also been allocated to support children's education and protection, with a focus on highly vulnerable communities in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Another €0.8 million has been allocated for humanitarian coordination activities.

* The designation of Palestine shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.

Last updated 04/10/2017