What are the needs?
Yemen is the poorest country in the Middle East and North Africa, and one of the poorest in the world. Political instability, armed conflicts, poor economic performance and chronic underdevelopment are at the heart of the complex and multi-faceted crisis Yemen is facing. Over 47% of the population lives below the poverty line on less than €2 a day and the country has the world's third highest rate of malnutrition.
In March 2015, Saudi Arabia, with the support of a coalition of nine Arab states, launched an air campaign on Yemen against Houthi supporters in Sana’a and Sa’ada governorates, causing many deaths and a deterioration of the humanitarian situation. In July 2015, the UN classified the Yemen crisis as a Level 3 emergency – the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises.
Humanitarian organisations estimate that 21.2 million people have been directly affected by the conflict and are in need of humanitarian assistance. Government institutions are no longer able to deliver basic services to people in need, such as health care and nutrition services, water and electricity supply.
Yemen is also directly affected by the humanitarian crisis in the Horn of Africa. Refugees, mainly from Somalia and Ethiopia, are stranded in the country and live in precarious conditions either in Kharaz (the only refugee camp) or in poor urban areas.
How are we helping?
The European Commission is supporting the people affected by the conflict as well as populations across the country suffering from malnutrition or facing food insecurity and armed clashes. The bulk of humanitarian funding is used to provide food, water and sanitation, basic health care, shelter and household items for the internally displaced people, the refugees from the Horn of Africa and the communities who are hosting these uprooted people.
The remaining funding is allocated to humanitarian agencies who provide appropriate treatment and relief to children suffering from acute malnutrition. With the worsening conditions faced by an increasing number of migrants stranded in Yemen, the Commission is also funding shelter, health care, protection, as well as water and sanitation assistance for the most vulnerable ones. In September 2016 an additional €40 million was announced for Yemen at the United Nations General Assembly by Commissioner Christos Stylianides. This brings the total EU humanitarian funding to the country since the beginning of the current conflict in April 2015 to €120 million.
A small portion of Commission funding is also used to ensure monitoring of the rapidly evolving humanitarian situation and security, as well as coordination among humanitarian actors and donors. Advocacy work – disseminating information about the humanitarian principles – is also being conducted.