The situation in Libya remains volatile and civilians are suffering the direct consequences of the protracted violence. Primary health care and essential medicines are the first priority needs for the displaced and returnees, along with protection and food.
Very limited access to primary health care, clean water and sanitation and other basic services are the main concerns.
Crime and human trafficking are also on the rise, bringing daily reports of abduction, abuse and smuggling. Thousands have been forcibly displaced in regions where most humanitarian actors do not have adequate access. Many organizations have relocated for security reasons, which has resulted in irregular access to affected areas while hampering needs assessments and delivery of timely relief assistance. The health system has practically collapsed, with less than 20% of public health facilities functioning in districts affected by the conflict.
In view of the evolution of the situation, the European Commission has allocated a total of €29.76 million in humanitarian aid to respond to the most pressing needs. Assistance is provided to internally displaced persons, returnees and other vulnerable groups in conflict-affected areas.
The European Commission is providing a range of primary health services such as physical rehabilitation, prosthesis and psychosocial support and maternal and child health. The services are provided to vulnerable people with injuries and/or disabilities, while home-based care is available for extremely vulnerable disabled people.
Funds have also helped provide food assistance to 175 000 vulnerable internally displaced persons, returnees and refugees. In selected regions where preconditions are in place, cash-based transfers are supported.
A programme for Education in Emergencies enables thousands of boys and girls to access basic education and delivers integrated recreational and psychosocial support services.
In order to respond to needs more efficiently and effectively, EU Humanitarian Aid also supports a Rapid Response Mechanism to respond to sudden emerging needs as a consequence of the conflict.