European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

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A refugee in Turkey holds up the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) card. © Ozan Toptas, WFP

What are the needs?

Turkey is currently hosting over 3 million registered refugees from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Somalia, which is having a significant impact on the host communities and budget resources. The majority of refugees have fled the conflict in Syria – the world's largest humanitarian crisis since World War II. Turkey is providing important assistance to the refugees, in particular inside the camps, but up to 90% of these people are living outside camps.

How are we helping?

The European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations supports emergency humanitarian assistance programmes, primarily focused on life-saving activities focusing on health, food security and livelihood support, water and sanitation, protection and education in emergencies. As a matter of priority, the EU emphasises the need to target the most vulnerable and under-served individuals and families among the refugee community.

In November 2015, the EU launched the Facility for Refugees in Turkey to deliver support to Syrian and other refugees and host communities in close cooperation with Turkish authorities. The Facility provides €3 billion in funding for 2016 and 2017, for both humanitarian and non-humanitarian projects.

The Facility for Refugees in Turkey also includes activities through other EU channels, notably the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) and the Instrument for contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) as well as the EU Trust Fund (Madad).

The flagship initiative under the Facility for the Refugees in Turkey is the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN). Funded by the EU, the ESSN is a single card social assistance scheme that will allow up to 1.3m million of the most vulnerable refugees to meet their most pressing basic needs.

In addition to the ESSN, there are over 30 projects being implemented by 19 humanitarian organisations.

EU humanitarian funding is provided in accordance with the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.

For further information about the Facility for Refugees in Turkey please click here.

Last updated 27/07/2017