Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection

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ECHO experts visit Thailand after floods. Photo credit: EU/ECHO/Mathias Eick

What are the needs?

Thailand is becoming a major transit country for the Rohingya people fleeing violence in Myanmar/Burma and trying to reach Malaysia.

Around 110 000 refugees from Myanmar/Burma are hosted in nine camps (temporary shelters) on the border with Thailand. The refugees are officially restricted to the camps and their access to livelihoods is therefore limited.

Refugees' primary needs in the camps relate to primary health care, food, shelter, water and sanitation, education and protection.

How are we helping?

The EU has provided humanitarian aid to refugees from Myanmar/Burma in Thailand since 1995, funding mainly food assistance and primary health care.

In 2015, €2.1 million were allocated, bringing the total amount in the last 20 years to over €118 million.

With EU funding, rice is being provided to more than 64 000 refugees in three camps. Around 80 000 refugees also have access to basic medical services funded by EU in five camps, including immunisation and mother and child care programmes. Health workers also receive training.

Since 2013, ECHO has also been funding emergency humanitarian support, language interpretation and medical care for irregular migrants from Myanmar/Burma and Bangladesh held in immigration detention centres.

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