What are the needs?
Myanmar/Burma has experienced conflict in several border regions for more than six decades, leading to the displacement of tens of thousands of people. The country is also prone to natural disasters.
In the northern townships of Rakhine State, an estimated 800 000 Rohingya people (more than 90% of the state's population) have been rendered stateless by the 1982 Myanmar Citizenship Law. They are deprived of their basic rights, and restrictions of movement seriously impact their livelihood and access to basic services.
Both in the Rakhine and Kachin States, humanitarian access remains a problem. Lengthy and cumbersome administrative procedures hamper the ability of international aid organisations to provide life-saving assistance.
Myanmar/Burma is regularly exposed to cyclones, floods and earthquakes. In 2015, the double impact of heavy monsoon rains and Cyclone Komen triggered the largest floods in the country’s history, affecting more than 20 million people, including 1.6 million who were displaced.
The country’s main cities of Mandalay, Sagaing, Naypyidaw, and Yangon are also located on the active Sagaing fault line, which causes concern about the possible impact of a major earthquake due to accelerated urbanisation.
How are we helping?
The European Commission, through its humanitarian aid and civil protection department, has been funding relief programmes in Myanmar/Burma since 1994.
Since 1994, the European Commission has provided over €136.6 million in relief assistance for victims of conflicts, communal violence and epidemics, and €81.2 million for victims of natural disasters.
To reduce the impact of natural disasters and improve the capacities of communities at risk to better prepare and protect themselves from disasters, the Commission has set up its Disaster Preparedness Programme (DIPECHO). In Myanmar, some €6.65 million was allocated between 2010 and 2016 for coastal flood and cyclone-prone areas and urban earthquake risks measures.