European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations

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Mali faces a complex humanitarian emergency. The populations of northern Mali and – increasingly – central Mali are affected by conflict and violence as well as by severe food and nutrition insecurity. About 1.5 million people do not have access to basic services. However, due to insecurity, the delivery of emergency assistance to the most vulnerable is often difficult.
Furthermore, recurrent food and nutrition crises severely eroded the resilience of the most vulnerable people in the Sahel, including Mali. 
What are the needs?
With the slow implementation of the 2015 Peace Agreement, violence still continues in northern Mali and has been spreading to the centre. The security situation is volatile and humanitarian needs are still high due to the absence of basic services, such as health and education, provided by the government. Some 59 000 people are internally displaced but this figure is considered to be a large underestimation by the humanitarian community. Both internally displaced people (IDPs) and host communities are in need of support, including food assistance, access to health care, and water.
Furthermore, the spillover to neighbouring Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger continues. Approximately 130 000 Malians continue to live as refugees in camps in neighbouring countries, and assistance needs to be maintained.
Several regions of Mali - Kayes, Segou, Mopti, Gao, Tombouctou and Kidal - are facing rapidly increasing food insecurity. This is due to a variety of factors, including below-average and irregular rainfall, degraded pastures, high livestock mortality rate, poorly flooded agricultural lands and unusually high food prices. As a result, an estimated 1.5 million vulnerable people will face an early and severe lean season and are therefore in need of emergency food assistance. 
So far in 2018, a total of 4.1 million people are considered to be in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of the complex crisis in Mali.
How are we helping?
The EU is a major contributor of humanitarian assistance to Mali. Since the beginning of the crisis in 2012, the European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations has allocated close to €200 million in humanitarian aid to the country.
The European Commission has significantly contributed to the treatment of severe acute malnutrition throughout the country. This has helped to increase the number of children who receive life-saving nutritional care, which has almost doubled since 2012. The €76 million euros invested from 2011 to 2018 in this respect have translated, among other results, in 474 000 severely malnourished children receiving appropriate care. 
EU humanitarian partners provide food assistance (both cash and in-kind), protection, education in emergencies, free health care, safe water, and the provision of first need items. Over 80% of EU humanitarian response contributes to the assistance for people in the northern and central regions affected by the conflict. 
An estimated 90% of health structures in the north deliver essential services and medication thanks to the support of humanitarian partners and EU humanitarian funds. EU humanitarian funding ensures basic health and nutrition care to around 990 000 people. 
The European Commission’s humanitarian air service ECHO flight serves secondary routes in the north, thus facilitating the movement of humanitarian workers and provisions to the most inaccessible areas. The European Commission is also financially supports the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS). In 2016, 4 864 passengers and 3.8 mega tonnes of cargo were transported in Mali in support to humanitarian assistance.
For Malian refugees in Mauritania, Niger, and Burkina Faso, the provision of shelter, first need items, food rations, water and sanitation, protection, health and nutrition care is being maintained.
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