What are the needs?
As the youngest and one of the least developed countries in the world, South Sudan suffers from decades of conflict and neglect, corruption and mismanagement; this has generated huge humanitarian needs. Most South Sudanese struggle to meet their basic necessities. Food insecurity affects half of the population and high levels of acute malnutrion persist in many parts of the country. The world’s newest country is also prone to disease outbreaks.
Armed conflict since December 2013 has left thousands dead and over 2.7 million uprooted from their homes, including a million who have sought refuge in neighbouring countries. Fleeing to safety from the areas of armed violence, people abandon their livelihoods and become extremely vulnerable. South Sudan also hosts refugees from neighbouring Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia and the Central African Republic (CAR). Reports of sexual violence, including rape, by soldiers in uniform have increased dramatically in the capital Juba.
The main humanitarian needs include food, clean water, health care, sanitation, shelter and protection.
In February 2017, the UN declared famine in two counties where 100 000 people are experiencing famine and another one million are on the brink of starvation.
How are we helping?
The European Commission supports life-saving activities in South Sudan as well as helping the South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries. Together the European Commission and Member States are providing more than 43% of the overall humanitarian response in the country. Aid includes assistance for internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and other most vulnerable populations providing them with food assistance and nutrition, basic health care, access to clean water, sanitation, shelter and protection. The working environment for the provision of aid in South Sudan is extremely difficult: humanitarian access is uncertain, hardly any infrastructure exists and security is very volatile.
Following an announcement of further funding in February 2017, the European Commission has, to date, made more than €423 million available to respond to the worsening humanitarian crisis in South Sudan since fighting erupted in December 2013. The Commission's humanitarian partners in South Sudan include UN agencies, as well as non-governmental and international organisations.