What are the needs?
As the youngest and one of the least developed countries in the world, South Sudan suffers from decades of conflict and neglect, corruption and mismanagement; this has generated huge humanitarian needs. Most South Sudanese struggle to meet their basic necessities. Food insecurity affects half of the population and high levels of acute malnutrion persist in many parts of the country. The world’s newest country is also prone to disease outbreaks.
The health care sector is in dire straits. Since December 2013, 106 health facilities have been closed, while many others have been looted or destroyed. With more than 2 million cases and 558 deaths, malaria was the leading cause of death and illness in 2016. South Sudan also continues to experience its longest cholera outbreak in recent years, with 8 160 cases including 248 deaths since June 2016.
In February 2017, the UN declared famine in two counties where 100 000 people are experiencing famine and another one million are on the brink of starvation.
How are we helping?
The European Commission supports life-saving activities in South Sudan as well as helping the South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries. Together the European Commission and Member States are providing more than 43% of the overall humanitarian response in the country. Aid includes assistance for internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and other most vulnerable populations providing them with food assistance and nutrition, basic health care, access to clean water, sanitation, shelter and protection. The working environment for the provision of aid in South Sudan is extremely difficult: humanitarian access is uncertain, hardly any infrastructure exists and security is very volatile.
Following an announcement of further funding in February 2017, the European Commission has, to date, made more than €423 million available to respond to the worsening humanitarian crisis in South Sudan since fighting erupted in December 2013. So far for 2017, €182 million have been mobilised to deal with the humanitarian consequences of the crisis, including €112 million for partners in South Sudan itself, and €70 million to address the refugee crisis in neighbouring countries Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan.