What are the needs?
The population of Chad is facing a complex humanitarian crisis which has its roots in structural under-development (Chad ranks 186th out of 188 countries in the Human Development Index), natural disasters such as drought, which are expected to be exacerbated by climate change, epidemics and the spill-over of conflicts in Northeast Nigeria (Lake Chad basin), the Central African Republic (CAR), Sudan and Libya.
Violence has destabilised the entire Lake Chad basin, comprising of Northeast Nigeria, parts of Niger, Cameroon and the Lake region in Chad. The attacks by Boko Haram in the border villages of Nigeria have caused the displacement of an estimated 119 000 people. Eastern Chad is affected by protracted forced displacement from the Darfur Region in Sudan, more than 300 000 Sudanese refugees have been hosted there for more than a decade.
Southern Chad is affected by continued instability in CAR, with more than 70 000 refugees since 2013 and no real perspectives for immediate return. The centre of the country is part of the Sahel, with recurrent food and nutrition crises, and still trying to recover from the drought induced by the El Nino phenomenon from 2015 to 2016.
Chad has one of the highest Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rates in West and Central Africa at 2.6%. UNICEF estimates that in 2017, over 200 000 SAM affected children will require life-saving nutrition treatment.
A total of 4 million people are expected to be food insecure in Chad during the lean season in 2017. 900 000 of them will be severely insecure and in need of emergency humanitarian aid.
How are we helping?
The European Commission has assisted Chad since 1994. Since 2013, it has made around €242 million available for people affected by the different crises.
This funding has contributed significantly to the treatment of acutely malnourished children, assistance to refugees and displaced people, and to the distribution of in-kind food aid and cash grants to the poorest families during the lean season. Together with partners, cash grants and vouchers funded by the EU enabled 150 000 households (approximately 750 000 people) to acquire basic food items in 2017.
To respond to the influx of refugees and returnees, the Commission has been supporting primary and secondary health care for new refugees and host communities. An initial response in water, sanitation and hygiene assistance has been provided.
The European Commission has also funded the response to epidemics and efforts to increase resilience.