What are the needs?
Chad remains a complex emergency at the crossroads of five major humanitarian crises – in the Sahel, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Darfur (Sudan) and Libya. Its 13.6 million inhabitants are desperately poor with an average life expectancy of just 51 years. Maternal and infant mortality are among the very highest in the world.
On top of a nutritional and food security crisis, the country is experiencing the effects of violence perpetrated by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region and tensions in other neighboring countries. The attacks by Boko Haram in the border villages of Nigeria have caused the displacement of some 95 000 people.
The country hosts 380 000 refugees and returnees who fled conflict in Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Libya and Sudan (Darfur).
Chad is expected to get affected by the El Nino weather phenomenon in 2016.
Access to displaced populations in the country is difficult. Some of these people are located in remote areas, hardly accessible by trucks. Logistical constraints compounded by the insecurity render the delivery of aid very challenging. Despite all the efforts deployed by the international community, urgent needs remain to be addressed in all sectors.
Frequent natural disasters (mainly droughts, crop pests and occasionally flash floods) negatively impact the livelihood of populations and increase their vulnerability. Food prices remain high while people’s resilience is considerably weakened as a result of the recurrent crises, displacement and weak or non-existent social services.
How are we helping?
The European Commission has assisted Chad since 1994. The main current challenge is to address the growing food security and nutrition needs in the western part of the country directly affected by the Boko Haram crisis.
The Commission's humanitarian aid to Chad since 2012 amounts to over €230 million. This funding has contributed significantly to the treatment of acutely malnourished children, assistance to refugees and displaced people, and to the distribution of in-kind food aid and cash grants to the poorest families during the lean season. Together with partners, cash grants and vouchers funded by the EU enabled 75 000 households (approximately 450 000 people) to acquire basic food items in 2015.
To respond to the influx of refugees and returnees, the Commission has been supporting primary and secondary health care for new refugees and host communities. An initial response in water, sanitation and hygiene assistance has been provided.
The European Commission has also funded the response to epidemics and efforts to increase resilience. It is the Commission's goal to improve early warning systems, preparedness and response both at a national and regional level.