What are the needs?
Sectarian violence, in a country already plagued by instability, has resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands and an absence of basic protection for the civilian population. Vulnerable groups are increasingly living in hardship, with little access to basic services such as water, sanitation, health-care, or employment and education. Many Iraqis have crossed into neighbouring countries and are living in dire conditions both within and outside Iraq.
The security situation in Iraq has drastically deteriorated, in particular following attacks of armed opposition groups in the central and northern part of the country.
How are we helping?
In 2014 following the intensified fighting, the EU has increased its humanitarian funding to respond to the urgent needs of those affected by recent attacks by armed opposition groups. EU funding provides protection and relief to people displaced inside Iraq as well as other vulnerable populations affected by the conflict.
In addition, the EU Civil Protection Mechanism was activated to facilitate and support the rapid deployment of participating states' in-kind assistance and expertise to the region. The Mechanism is coordinated through the Commission's Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC), which monitors the crisis 24 hours a day.
ECHO also allocates aid to refugees in Jordan and Lebanon to cover emergency support to the most vulnerable. In this context ECHO supports UNHCR, whose mandate is to identify the most vulnerable groups, assess their specific needs, and provide protection.
See the ECHO factsheet on Iraq for the latest facts and figures.