Drought in Guatemala (ECHO)
- The Mesoamerican Food Security Early Warning System (MFEWS) expects that the food shortages in the dry areas of Guatemala will start in March, which is two months earlier than in normal years. Guatemala, which has the fourth highest rate of chronic malnutrition in the world, has suffered an intense dry period in 2012. The dry places most at risk are Chiquimula, Jalapa and some areas of Baja Verapaz, situated in the so-called "dry corridor" (centre and south-east of the country). According to FAO, families have stored some reserves, but these will be insufficient to cover the lean period up to the next harvest (July-August).
- ECHO has allocated EUR 1 million to respond to the drought in Guatemala (together with another million in response to the 7 November earthquake in the western part of the country) and is closely following the evolution of the situation.
Peru (ECHO, INDECI)
- On 8 February, heavy rains caused floods and mudslides in the town of Arequipa, affecting more than 4.000 households. 15 houses and 5.5 km of road collapsed and 4 people were killed.
- ECHO is in contact with partners present in the zone and OCHA Peru to have precise information on affectation and any uncovered needs.
Mali - Crisis (ECHO)
- Lack of access by humanitarian actors to those in need in the northern regions of Mali remains a serious problem. The lack of access to the north of the country also makes it difficult to monitor the overall humanitarian situation and assess needs.
- Risk of mines and on-going insecurity remain a threat to humanitarian workers and further limit access.
- Conflict in northern Mali is still forcing large numbers of people to flee their homeland and seek sanctuary elsewhere in the countries of the Sahel region, but the conditions in the camps where they are living are themselves leading to disease and suffering. According to UNHCR, approximately 150,000 Malian refugees are living in camps in Burkina Faso (Ferrerio, Dibissi, Ngatourou-niénié, and Gandafabou camps), Mauritania (Mbera camp), and Niger (Abala, Mangaize, and Ayorou camps).
- Mali risks descending into "catastrophic" violence, the UN rights chief warns, as tensions rise across the country after a string of attacks by rebels on French-led forces. UN rights chief Navi Pillay on Tuesday warned of a second kind of violence threatening the country - reprisal attacks by the army on Tuaregs and Arabs accused of supporting the rebel groups that have plunged Mali into crisis.
Mozambique – Floods (ECHO)
- The central regions continue under the influence of the Inter Tropical Convergent Zones which is causing heavy rains followed by lightning. As a result of the heavy rains, in Zambezia, along Namacurra area the N1 Road is cut off and currently the access to Quelimane city is interrupted.
- The heavy rains are also influencing the situation in Licungo basin which is currently recording high hydrometric levels which is placing at risk the Maganja da Costa and Mucuse (in Namacurra) districts.
- There is an active tropical cyclone- GINO - in the Indian Ocean but does not represent yet a threat to the coastal area of Mozambique.
- To date there are 246,306 people affected, among them 186,238 are in temporary shelter throughout the country and 81 people reported death from January to date. This number excludes the 28 cases from October to January which are not directly linked to flooding.
Ethiopia – Refugees and internal displacement (ECHO)
- Following recent fighting in Blue Nile State, there is concern that an estimated 10,000 persons would potentially flee into Ethiopia. UNHCR and partners are working on the Hamosha Transit Centre monitoring the border.
- Daily arrival rate of refugees in Dollo Ado has shown a slight decrease in January 2013 where the average daily arrival rate stood at 103 (after a significant increase was noted by the end of last year);
- In East Haraghe (mostly Qumbi, Chinakson, Meyu and Gursum districts), up to 40,000 people have been displaced following a conflict between the Oromo and Somali tribes. The conflict started four month ago due to political ownership of a land close to the border of both tribes. Until recently no humanitarian aid agencies were allowed in the conflict zone, the interdiction seems to have been lifted now and access granted to the UN joint assessment team. Some gaps have already been identified in terms of food and water access, sanitation and hygiene part is not addressed at all, lack of essential drugs and non-food items and lack of nutrition assessments.
- Close monitoring of the conflict situation in East Haraghe and the recent increase of refugee influx from Somalia (end of 2012) is recommended.
Somalia – Food and security crisis (ECHO)
- Latest estimates for the number of affected people are: 1.05 million in acute food security crisis (February 2013, FSNAU); 215,000 children under five acutely malnourished (February 2013, FSNAU); 1.1 million internally displaced (December 2012, OCHA). An estimated 15,000 people were displaced between November 2012 and January 2013; 1 million Somali refugees are hosted in neighboring countries (UNHCR).
- The food security outlook has improved due to a good harvest, low food prices and continued humanitarian assistance.
- Despite significant improvements in the food security outlook following good Deyr rains, the nutrition situation remains very critical: 45,000 severely malnourished children are at risk of dying without treatment; two-thirds of these are in the conflict stricken southern regions. Recent surveys have also highlighted the dire situation of displaced persons, with 61% of those not able to meet basic survival needs being IDPs. Life-saving humanitarian assistance will need to be maintained and targeted at pockets of severe vulnerability in south-central Somalia.
- Improvements in humanitarian access remain localised. Programmes in rural areas of Southern Somalia are constrained by insecurity and a volatile political situation and difficulties in transporting supplies.
Russia – Cosmic Event (BBC, Reuters, ITAR-TASS, Local Media)
- A meteorite exploded over the area of southern Urals in central-southern Russia, according to media reports, after passing over Kazakhstan, early on 15 February. The explosion caused glass to break in a number of buildings in the region of the city of Chelyabinsk; as of 05:01 UTC, 4 students in a school in Chelyabinsk were reported injured. Some media reported the event as a meteor shower rather than a single object. As of same time it was not known whether fragments of the meteorite had actually hit the ground; local media report that no fires were started and the radiation levels in the region were normal.
Chile – Forest fire (ONEMI, Local Media)
- A wildfire has been burning in the region of Valparaiso, central Chile since 14 February. Early on 15 February ONEMI reports 60 houses destroyed (150 according to local media), 19 people injured (by suffocation) and 500 families evacuated in Rodelillo, SW of the city.
Meteoalarm – as of 07:30 UTC
- Flood risk in SW France – Orange Alert
Flood in Europe (EFAS)
- FR: High discharges and water levels in the Adour Basin.
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