The initial EU budget of the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO), as programmed in the EU's Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020, amounts to approximately €1 billion per year (a total of €7.1 billion was adopted for the entire seven years of the MFF).
The budget for the implementation of the EU Civil Protection Mechanism for 2014-2020 is €368.4 million of which €223.7 million shall be used for prevention, preparedness and response actions inside the EU and €144.6 million for actions outside the EU. These amounts are complemented by contributions from non-EU countries that participate in the EU Civil Protection Mechanism.
In the field of civil protection, the EU plays an enabling role to support, coordinate or supplement the actions of EU Member States in the prevention of, preparedness for, and response to disasters. The primary responsibility for the protection of people, as well as the environment and property, including cultural heritage, lies with Member States. Consequently, it is EU Member States who bear the financial costs of most civil protection actions, leaving the EU civil protection budget relatively small (compared to that for humanitarian aid). EU structural funds can support with more substantial funding for specific actions eligible and as foreseen by the Member States managing authorities.
More details on financing civil protection activities can be found in the annual work programmes. See links on the right.