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Romania - Country information

Vademecum - Civil Protection



Population

22,215,421 (2009 est.)

Capital

Bucharest

Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 25 00 E

Time difference: GMT+2

Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Climate

Temperate and continental with four seasons (cold, snowy winters, sunny summers). Average temperatures 11°C in the south and 8°C in the north

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Location

South-Eastern Europe

Topography

Area

  • Total: 238,391 km²
  • Land: 230,340 km²
  • Water: 9,700 km²
    (note: representing the continental shelf near the Serpent Island in the Black Sea.)

Land Boundaries

  • Bulgaria: 608 km
  • Hungary: 443 km
  • Moldova: 450 km
  • Serbia: 476 km
  • Ukraine: (north) 362 km
  • Ukraine: (east) 169 km
Further information: ICI Bucharest

Land use

  • Arable land: 39.49%
  • Permanent crops: 1.92%
  • Other: 58.59%

Land characteristics

  • Woodland: 26.2%
  • Mountains: 31%
  • Plains: 33%

Number of inhabited islands

None

Coastline

225 km

Major rivers

The Danube, the Olt, the Mures, the Jiu, the Dambovita, the Arges, the Siret and the Prut

Natural hazards

The Romanian territory is threatened by both natural and man-made hazards, such as floods, dangerous weather phenomena (heavy snowfalls, strong storms), earthquakes, landslides, epidemics, nuclear, chemical or biological accidents, infrastructure accidents, oil pollution or other hazardous materials spills, large fires and water works accidents.

Threats

The Romanian territory is threatened by both natural and manmade hazards, such as floods, dangerous weather phenomena (heavy snowfalls, strong storms), earthquakes, landslides, epidemics, nuclear, chemical or biological accidents, infrastructure accidents, oil pollution or other hazardous materials spills, large fires, water works accidents.

Tourists

Major tourist areas

Transylvania, Prahova Valley and Poiana Brasov (Carpathian Mountains), Black Sea shore, Danube Delta, Constanta City and Bucharest City

Source: Romanian Ministry of tourism

Number of tourists per season

No information available

Administrative data

International organisation participation

EU, NATO, UN, OSCE and the Council of Europe