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Romania - Prevention & preparedness

Vademecum - Civil Protection



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Training

The National Centre for Training Improvement in Emergency Situations Management operates regional training centres, which train personnel involved in civil protection and high-level public workers’ and public workers with management responsibilities in the National System (officers, non-commissioners, public administration personnel, etc.).

Exercises

There is a national emergency management exercises programme, which is part of the GIES main activities plan (not available to the public). Exercise planning is based on risk analyses and preparedness/prevention needs.

Early warning systems

Early warning systems towards the professionals:

  • ECURIE - European Community Urgent Radiological Information Exchange for Nuclear Emergencies (Radiological/Nuclear)
  • SIMIN - Integrated Meteorological Information System
  • DESWAT - Destructive Water Abatement and Control of Water Disasters
  • RAS BICHAT- Rapid Alert System for Biological and Chemical Agent Attacks.

Early warning systems towards the population: Electronic sirens (own equipment), TV and radio (through protocols and agreements) and the Internet by responsible national agencies, e.g. Meteoalarm and National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management.

Operative information exchanged between operational forces involved in interventions is handled via a SIMPLEX handset. Coordination information is handled via a TETRA handset and the Mobile Command Post. Public information systems use TV, the radio, spokespersons and live transmissions from disaster scenes transmitted through the Mobile Command Post.

Prevention

The prevention activities undertaken by the GIES and its subordinate structures represent one of the main components of the integrated system of technical and organisational measures. Furthermore, specific actions are planned and accomplished according to the law with a view to preventing, reducing and eliminating the occurrence of emergencies and consequences to protect the population, the environment, goods and heritage through specific means and measures. Prevention activities are conducted at national level by the Deputy of the General Inspectorate (GIES) through the specialised structure called the Prevention Inspection. Prevention activities are undertaken in cooperation with experts from the ministries/agencies, depending on the types of risk.